|Quoting Gofly (Reply 1):|
Even in reality, you will find the autopilot is used is used for landings, pilots are even required to do a certain number of full autolands a month. Nothing to be ashamed of there.
However, the default FS
autopilot is an approach-only system, which means it will fly you right into the runway instead of flaring for a smooth landing. It can be used to fly the ILS, but not to land.
Here are some general tips:
-When landing, adjust your airspeed with your pitch (nose up or nose down), and adjust your altitude or rate of descent with the throttle. Going down too fast? The instinctive thing is to pitch up, but this only makes you slow down, which leads to more lift lost, and you'll end up going down faster than you originally were. Instead, keep the same pitch attitude, and add some power. Your speed will try to increase. Pitch the nose up to maintain it, and you'll find your rate of descent will decrease. Do this all the way to the runway. Once you're about 50 feet over the runway (for jets, smaller planes should do it at about 20 feet), bring the throttle to idle and maintain the same pitch attitude. Your speed will bleed off, and the wing will settle into ground effect for a smooth touchdown. Of course, describing it is much easier than doing it. You'll want to practice a few times so that you can see how much you need to pull back (too little and your nose wheel will touch down first, too much and you'll have a tailstrike). Which leads to the second point:
-When you practice, do it in a piston engine plane (the Beech Baron is a good choice). The reason for this is that jets have a lag between the time you make changes to the power setting and that time that the new power setting is reached due to the turbines spooling up and spooling down. Pistons are pretty much instantaneous. Once you have the concept down, you can move up to bigger planes.
-Don't fly approaches too fast. In the 777, you should be at about 150kts on final, or if you are really heavy, as much as 170kts. Keep the airplane on the glideslope with very small adjustments to the throttle - add power if you're low, reduce it if you're high. Don't change your pitch.
-Make sure that you are fully configured by the time you are 5 miles out at the latest. Flaps out, gear down, etc.
It isn't difficult in itself, but it does take a fair amount of practice to get right. Best of luck!