Tupolev Tu-204 & Tu-214


Country of Origin
Medium range airliner
The Tupolev Tu-204 is a medium range narrowbody twinjet and was the first Russian airliner to fly with western engines. Tupolev began development of the Tu-204 to meet an Aeroflot requirement for a replacement for the medium range Tu-154 trijet. This all new twin featured a supercritical wing, while engine designer Soloviev (now Aviadvigatel) specifically developed the PS-90 turbofan. Other Tu-204 design features include fly-by-wire and a six screen EFIS flightdeck. First flight was on January 2, 1989. The Tu-204 is offered in a number of models. The base model is the Tu-204, while the Tu-204-100 and -200 have higher max takeoff weights, more fuel and greater range. The Tu-204C and Tu-204-100C are freighters fitted with a forward main deck freight door. The Tu-214, Tu-214C combi convertible model, and Tu-214C freighter are manufactured in Kazan. Tupolev was keen to develop a westernised development of the Tu-204 to broaden the type's market appeal, resulting in the RollsRoyce RB211-535 powered Tu-204-120, which first flew on August 14, 1992. All but the first five feature Honeywell's VIA 2000 EFIS avionics suite. Rolls-Royce powered variants include the Tu-204-120C freighter, increased weight -220 and equivalent cargo -220C, and the -222 with Collins avionics. Air Cairo of Egypt became the launch operator when it took delivery of a Tu-204-120 and -120C in November 1998. Tupolev also developed two developments of the shortened 166-seater Tu-204-300, an RB211-535E4 powered model and a 158kN (35,580lb) PS90P powered model (also known as the Tu-234). The Tu-204-300 prototype (converted from the Tu-204 prototype) was publicly displayed at the 1995 Moscow Airshow. Other proposed developments include a Pratt & Whitney PW2240 powered model, a business jet and a maritime patrol platform.
Tu-204 - Two 158.3kN (35,580lb) Aviadvigatel PS-90A turbofans. Tu-204-220 - Two 191.7kN (43,100lb) Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4 or -535F5 turbofans.
Tu-204 - Cruising speed 810km/h to 850km/h (437 to 460kt). Range with max payload 2430km (1312nm), with design payload 3400km (1835nm). Tu-204220 - Speeds same. Range with max payload 4600km (2483m).
Tu-204 - Operating empty 58,300kg (128,530lb), max takeoff 94,600kg (208,550lb). Tu-204-220 - Operating empty 59,000kg (130,070lb), max takeoff 110,750kg (244,155lb).
Tu-204 - Wing span 41.80m (137ft 2in), length 46.10m (151ft 3in), height 13.90m (45ft 7in). Wing area 182.4m2 (1963.4sq ft).
Flightcrew of two, although original Aeroflot requirement specified a flight engineer. Tu-204-200 seats up to 212 six abreast at 82cm (32in) pitch, or two class seating for 30 business class at 96cm (38in) pitch at six abreast and 154 economy at 81cm (32in) pitch and six abreast. Tu-204-300 seats 166 in a single class.
Fifteen Tu-204s were in airline service in 2002.
Related Links
Tupolev Tu-204 & Tu-214
The backbone of this section is from the The International Directory of Civil Aircraft by Gerard Frawley and used with permission. To get your own copy of the book click here.