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by kalvado
Mon Aug 08, 2022 7:40 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM
Replies: 29
Views: 3270

Re: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM

Do you wanna go that route? Are you comparing the amount of health problems stemming from renewables and EV batteries with fossile fuels? Do you think it is within even one, two or three orders of magnitude? https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0013935121000487?via%3Dihub That bel...

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by kalvado
Mon Aug 08, 2022 10:58 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM
Replies: 29
Views: 3270

Re: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM

That belief is absolutely 100% without merit. It is off topic for this thread, but useful enough since it signalise with 100% accuracy which posters not to trust regarding technical matters. Yes, but is vastly less efficient then a EV. So, in 10 years time planes will be one of the biggest pollutan...

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by kalvado
Sun Aug 07, 2022 2:59 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM
Replies: 29
Views: 3270

Re: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM

Let's spell out conditions. Can we compare A321N and Tesla on a JFK-SYD trip? That is quite an edgecase. Are you suggesting that planes can only compete with EV'S on those edgecase? I am suggesting than EVs are in distinct different niche from planes, and their admirers tend to wear thick rose glas...

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by kalvado
Sat Aug 06, 2022 8:29 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM
Replies: 29
Views: 3270

Re: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM

Yes, but is vastly less efficient then a EV. So, in 10 years time planes will be one of the biggest pollutants. Probably still after cruise ships, but efficiency compared to cars will be a losing battle… I simply don’t agree with those comments, when looking at the the true costs of running cars an...

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by kalvado
Sat Aug 06, 2022 8:26 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM
Replies: 29
Views: 3270

Re: Max and Neo Seat Miles per Gallon CFM

Keep in mind the following which are skewing the numbers: - most of the A320/A321 are operated by LCCs/ULCCs which cram 10-20% more seats in compared to the big 3. Therefore, they fundamentally have higher seat miles per gallon. - stage length and airport mix skew these numbers. On balance, they’re...

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by kalvado
Fri Aug 05, 2022 3:52 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Question on aircraft tires
Replies: 15
Views: 1273

Re: Question on aircraft tires

Bad Idea for Stopping Distance - One big safety point everyone is missing, is that the drag from the touchdown helps to shorten the stopping distance. Therefore the expensive motor / scoop "solution" to the cost of tire wear will all be made up for when even one hull is lost to overruns n...

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by kalvado
Thu Aug 04, 2022 10:15 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Question on aircraft tires
Replies: 15
Views: 1273

Re: Question on aircraft tires

I personally haven’t changed many tires for flat spotting in my careeer- If any. I don’t think landings impact tire wear that much. You generally get your money’s worth out of the tire. Makes me think any kind of wheel spin up device is largely irrelevant. Black rubber marks at touchdown beg to dif...

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by kalvado
Fri Jul 29, 2022 8:28 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Watchdog finds weaknesses in FAA Oversight of Boeing airplane flight manuals
Replies: 1
Views: 654

Re: Watchdog finds weaknesses in FAA Oversight of Boeing airplane flight manuals

Bottom line (rather 3 bottom paragraphs of the article): FAA and Boeing still think it is about pilots. Since this is in tech-ops, I am not commenting any further.

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by kalvado
Fri Jul 29, 2022 2:58 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Why no single-engine GA aircraft with contrarotating propellers?
Replies: 40
Views: 2835

Re: Why no single-engine GA aircraft with contrarotating propellers?

Just a crazy question... Would it be feasible to have 2 counter rotating turbine stages and shafts to drive 2 props? I suppose it would be possible. But I think you'd run into issues keeping both turbines at the ideal speed for the respective prop.. thinking about it, just as a mental exercise... t...

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by kalvado
Thu Jul 28, 2022 1:51 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Why no single-engine GA aircraft with contrarotating propellers?
Replies: 40
Views: 2835

Re: Why no single-engine GA aircraft with contrarotating propellers?

Just a crazy question... Would it be feasible to have 2 counter rotating turbine stages and shafts to drive 2 props?

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by kalvado
Wed Jul 27, 2022 7:24 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: AA6092 20JUL - TCAS maneuver - how common?
Replies: 11
Views: 1795

Re: AA6092 20JUL - TCAS maneuver - how common?

Is is correct. My comment had nothing to do with ATC tracking an airplane. I was describing possible states of the system. Okay however, when you put down "the transponders are on or in standby" that is what my comment was based upon. TCAS standby mode: Stand-by : Power is applied to the ...

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by kalvado
Thu Jun 30, 2022 4:45 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Installing/ Uninstalling ETOPS On An Aircraft
Replies: 64
Views: 9723

Re: Installing/ Uninstalling ETOPS On An Aircraft

Maybe in your part of the world for now, but here, ETOPS has everything to do with twins, as your original incorrect statement stated. Hmmm, ETOPS on 737 Twin. Hmmmm, don't see any EDTO... What you are saying is simply out of date, the FAA rules changed in 2007 "For the first time, this new ru...

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by kalvado
Thu Jun 30, 2022 11:41 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Installing/ Uninstalling ETOPS On An Aircraft
Replies: 64
Views: 9723

Re: Installing/ Uninstalling ETOPS On An Aircraft

Thanks for proving the point. ETOPS has everything to do with twins. Nope, the T in ETOPS does not mean twins, it used to some time ago, the rules were changed. ETOPS now means “extended operations”, it is no longer stands for “extended twin engine operations”. Under the new ETOPS rules a MD-11 and...

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by kalvado
Sat Jun 25, 2022 12:29 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Air France 447: 13 years on
Replies: 56
Views: 6192

Re: Air France 447: 13 years on

The automation on an Airbus doesn't "drop dead" if it doesn't work. There is a wide range of degradations depending on the specific failure. For exanple, even if the AP disconnects, you're most likely still in Normal Law with all protections. In that sense, FBW automation has no right to ...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 24, 2022 10:45 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat
Replies: 29
Views: 3658

Re: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat

I suspect going through M=1.0 would still require an afterburner. I don't think any plane today can accelerate supersonic on turbojet/turbofan with no afterburn. Supersonic cruise without an afterburner is the general goal. Most modern fighter jets can accelerate to supersonic speeds without afterb...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 24, 2022 7:38 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat
Replies: 29
Views: 3658

Re: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat

I believe the maximum time in reheat was 15 minutes Is that limited by fuel tank capacity? Probably and perhaps an engine limitation, IIRC that was enough time to allow the acceleration from .95 at mid altitudes to 1.7 Mach around FL 450 after a steady accelerating cruise climb continuing at lower ...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 24, 2022 7:29 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Air France 447: 13 years on
Replies: 56
Views: 6192

Re: Air France 447: 13 years on

You don't have to feel superior, I am referring to the fact that pilot is supposed to take over in case things become nonstandard. Yes, older generation computers are not setup for anything else; they possibly could have more authority, though. Next generation could definitely be more capable. Woul...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 24, 2022 6:51 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat
Replies: 29
Views: 3658

Re: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat

Last thing first: normal noise on BA/AF Concorde during flight was so loud as to prohibit normal conversation - one had to raise their voice to be heard. I used ear plugs on my flight. Re-heat (afterburner) was used only during takeoff, cancelled after entry into third segment climb, and then again...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 24, 2022 1:31 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat
Replies: 29
Views: 3658

Re: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat

Is that limited by fuel tank capacity? Certainly in military circles, afterburner limitations are mostly driven by heat management; nozzles, exhaust ducts, surrounding structure etc. I suspect that Concorde would be no different. Certainly supply of humor to military was recently cut by Congress du...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 24, 2022 11:33 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat
Replies: 29
Views: 3658

Re: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat

Max Q wrote:
I believe the maximum time in reheat was 15 minutes

Is that limited by fuel tank capacity?

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by kalvado
Thu Jun 23, 2022 3:52 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat
Replies: 29
Views: 3658

Re: Concorde time spent at max thrust with full reheat

Reheat is used on every take-off, its light-up sequence taking place on the roll as the engines accelerates up to full power – it needs the mass flow associated with an N1 of 81% or more to function. It is switched off at 500ft on a standard flight or at noise abatement cut-back where needed. For t...

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by kalvado
Mon Jun 20, 2022 8:41 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart
Replies: 14
Views: 1011

Re: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart

Sort of a useless chart, have to go elsewhere to find trip fuel, find alternate and holding fuel. Once you know those inputs, the chart gives you initial FL. Big Whoop! But, it’s 30+ years old. There is clearly a bit more to this chart. Purple line coming from another chart at right-bottom should r...

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by kalvado
Mon Jun 20, 2022 3:41 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart
Replies: 14
Views: 1011

Re: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart

OK, so in this screen shot, landing weight of 50 + 11000 fuel burn == 61000 TOW. Blue line is laid over 61000 and this tells me I can just make it to FL430 but not FL450? https://imgur.com/SmpIw5Z Correct. Well, at least initially you are limited to 430. As @GalaxyFlyer said, you should be able to ...

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by kalvado
Mon Jun 20, 2022 1:54 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart
Replies: 14
Views: 1011

Re: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart

So this is what I ended up with. Line #7 (blue line) representing the flight level line. https://imgur.com/Bk0ieFq THat is perfectly correct. I would put it a bit differently, though - this line represents TOW, and hence maximum FL you can climb right after takeoff. Same thing, just a bit different...

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by kalvado
Mon Jun 20, 2022 6:14 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart
Replies: 14
Views: 1011

Re: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart

rfresh737 wrote:
I don’t get how you determine 68klb TO weight? I have to be missing something.

They plot for 49 klb landing weight, and get 19 klb fuel burn for whatever flight distance they solve for.
49+19=68

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by kalvado
Mon Jun 20, 2022 12:39 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart
Replies: 14
Views: 1011

Re: GIV Twin Engine Plight Planning Chart

Are you talking about "max initial FL" lines? Think about them as constant take-off weight lines. upper left border says "max initial FL410 @ MTOW (74.5klb). Sample plotted situation of 49klb landing + 19 klb fuel burn = 68klb TOW allows climb to FL410 (line to the left of planning po...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 17, 2022 1:51 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

You could only interfere with gauges if you able to access the cable running between the engines for example and the piece of avionics that drives the gauges. To do that you need to be not in the aircraft cabin. These data busses are not new tech, they are very old reliable tech that only allows so...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 17, 2022 10:51 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

There was nothing between them, not even a thinnest condom. You cannot get data without some connection. You are reading my posts on this forum without a direct connection to the device I am posting from, you cannot tell what I am reading, what I am doing, or control my device by reading a post. Th...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 17, 2022 6:14 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

Hasty generalisation fallacy. The data is generated in the first place because it has to be output to the displays in the cockpit, the transponder, ADS-B, the DFDR, and so on. Using the data for IFE does not require redesigning the computing units that actually generate the data. It just requires r...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 17, 2022 5:32 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

Why flight data is available to IFE at all? Apparently, when 737 systems were designed, IFE wasn't a real thing. Boeing providing information by redesigning whatever their computing units are called - certified, extremely important units - just to please the pax is totally unlikely. So why the data...

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by kalvado
Fri Jun 17, 2022 5:29 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

Burden of proof fallacy... And of course finding all the relevant information requires IFE system manual and full 737 wiring diagram. But it is usual "through obscurity" thing I have a better and more interesting question for you, though. Why flight data is available to IFE at all? Appare...

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by kalvado
Thu Jun 16, 2022 11:42 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

Ad hominem fallacy. You're not refuting the actual point. Regardless of how mask deployment works on the NG, the guy in question was lying. There is no way to do what he claimed. That's what many IT guys said. Next thing they learn is it would take $1M to a Bitcoin account to get things back to nor...

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by kalvado
Thu Jun 16, 2022 7:32 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

No, because he was caught lying red handed. He tweeted in flight he was on an aircraft and was going to set off the passenger oxygen EICAS. After the United 737 landed, he was arrested, they seized and listed all the tech gear he had including devices, cables, thumb drives. There was no cat 6 cable...

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by kalvado
Thu Jun 16, 2022 1:22 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

So you arguments boil down to this guy uses incorrect terminology hence cannot be right. No, because he was caught lying red handed. He tweeted in flight he was on an aircraft and was going to set off the passenger oxygen EICAS. After the United 737 landed, he was arrested, they seized and listed a...

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by kalvado
Thu Jun 16, 2022 12:14 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

If my memory serves me right, flight control story was about 757 or 767. At least the story I have in mind was about a newer generation one. Not new enough to be designed with paranoiac data security thoughts, but new enough to have significant computing on board. "no direct link" may be ...

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by kalvado
Wed Jun 15, 2022 3:31 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

That is a good tough question. Of course, I have no rock solid answer for you - such things are generally not becoming public until there is gross problem, like it happened with MCAS. However, my strong impression is that certification system, like any system designed to impose a set of fixed requi...

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by kalvado
Wed Jun 15, 2022 12:16 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Which is the most FUEL EFFICENT REGIONAL aircraft in the world ?
Replies: 16
Views: 2651

Re: Which is the most FUEL EFFICENT REGIONAL aircraft in the world ?

Dear FR, The ATR-72 had been advertized as "the most fuel efficient commercial aircraft" by the manufacturer literally decades ago, sporting an equivalent fuel consumption of "2,5 l/100km per passenger". This is still a good value by today's standards and it was achieved through...

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by kalvado
Wed Jun 15, 2022 11:48 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

Do you have any specific examples of "compliance through obscurity"? MCAS I knew you'd say that. ;) And that's fair. However, I see MCAS as an outlier. Any other examples? Honestly curious. That is a good tough question. Of course, I have no rock solid answer for you - such things are gen...

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by kalvado
Wed Jun 15, 2022 1:41 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Tail Anti-Ice leading edge question.
Replies: 20
Views: 2063

Re: Tail Anti-Ice leading edge question.

Going back to the metal strip on the fin leading edge, I am fairly sure all A350s come with it. Some operators may just choose to paint it for aesthetics. I can't think of any operators with the strip painted. Which ones are you thinking of? Since it is for erosion protection it is likely that they...

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by kalvado
Tue Jun 14, 2022 7:05 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Tail Anti-Ice leading edge question.
Replies: 20
Views: 2063

Re: Tail Anti-Ice leading edge question.

So of Airbus like I said some 320/330/380 etc operators have either not had that metal strip installed or they have painted it and this includes the newer generation of NEO’s, but yet to see an A350 without it, so wasn’t sure if it was just something airlines have not done yet or chosen not to do, ...

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by kalvado
Tue Jun 14, 2022 1:42 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

This is easy to achieve by the way. My previous job was telematics for tanker trucks and I used this kind of connectors to make sure I cannot send anything to the internal truck CAN bus: https://copperhilltech.com/cancrocodile-contactless-can-bus-reader/ Not this particular one, though. They are es...

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by kalvado
Tue Jun 14, 2022 11:24 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

Last time I was talking to an IFE vendor engineer, and he was saying that the interface unit with the aircraft is physically incapable of outputting any signal to the aircraft side so this should not be a problem. This is easy to achieve by the way. My previous job was telematics for tanker trucks ...

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by kalvado
Mon Jun 13, 2022 2:00 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

Most of that is the same information displayed on the cabin displays for the cabin crew. Our cabin crew have to initialise the mast et IFE control with the flight number and destination. I was recalling my memory on that very same screen when writing. And on some setup if the flight crew entered th...

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by kalvado
Sun Jun 12, 2022 11:40 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed
Replies: 50
Views: 4821

Re: How does the IFE display things like altitude and speed

There was a case of a computer engineer who did manage, apparently, to access more than he should have been able to: https://www.wired.com/2015/05/feds-say-banned-researcher-commandeered-plane/ What he claimed he could do on a real aircraft just is not possible. The IFE is an independent network, i...

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by kalvado
Thu Jun 09, 2022 1:13 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Air France 447: 13 years on
Replies: 56
Views: 6192

Re: Air France 447: 13 years on

What is "still happening despite training programs" is that many regulators and operators don't seem to train in a very rigorous fashion, and adopt punitive approaches to non-normal events Right now, that choosen balance is to give the pilot authority over everything - but at the same tim...

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by kalvado
Wed Jun 08, 2022 11:39 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Air France 447: 13 years on
Replies: 56
Views: 6192

Re: Air France 447: 13 years on

Can we stop with the skygod references, it seems like an underhanded insult against people who have acquired different skills. Point I am trying to test is that " human as the ultimate solution " approach is the biggest philosophical problem in flight control flow. It doesn't matter how y...

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by kalvado
Wed Jun 08, 2022 10:47 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Air France 447: 13 years on
Replies: 56
Views: 6192

Re: Air France 447: 13 years on

What is "still happening despite training programs" is that many regulators and operators don't seem to train in a very rigorous fashion, and adopt punitive approaches to non-normal events Right now, that choosen balance is to give the pilot authority over everything - but at the same tim...

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by kalvado
Wed Jun 08, 2022 3:22 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Air France 447: 13 years on
Replies: 56
Views: 6192

Re: Air France 447: 13 years on

There is no assumption that humans are superior. The autopilot can fly the plane more accurately than we can. However, the autopilot can only do so with valid inputs. If the inputs are not valid, keeping the autopilot is very dangerous. As my first flight instructor said, "Remember, the autopi...

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by kalvado
Mon Jun 06, 2022 1:49 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Air France 447: 13 years on
Replies: 56
Views: 6192

Re: Air France 447: 13 years on

You don't need to be Chuck Yeager to deal with unreliable airspeed, especially if, as in this case, you know it is unreliable. You do need training. The pilots would also not have speed data. But they did have a methodology to deal with the issue that the flight control and autoflight systems lacke...

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