Search found 321 matches

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by Flow2706
Mon Jan 17, 2022 7:13 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Airliner ferry
Replies: 9
Views: 788

Re: Airliner ferry

Most ferry flights in airline operations are done by regular crews (positioning the aircraft to an other base after a diversion/to/from maintenance). Sometimes they are also done by technical pilot/management pilots, depending on the nature of the flight (for example when taking a new plane from the...

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by Flow2706
Fri Jan 14, 2022 5:02 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: RTO for impending fire
Replies: 40
Views: 2060

Re: RTO for impending fire

Classically, there are only two things: complete loss of thrust in at least one engine and actual fire. Do You really know any other? We practiced compressor stall at takeoff and on one sim we got a tire burst around V1. This was very tricky as we rarely ever practice this and initially it's very e...

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by Flow2706
Fri Jan 14, 2022 3:07 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: RTO for impending fire
Replies: 40
Views: 2060

Re: RTO for impending fire

On the A320 I would not reject in this scenario. A high speed RTO at more than 100kts can be hazardous due to the potential for an overrun and there are just very few defined failures that will lead to an RTO in this situation. Also, the human brain is not capable of noticing and processing a single...

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by Flow2706
Thu Jan 06, 2022 5:44 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Does moving from the A32x to the A32xNEO require differences training?
Replies: 9
Views: 1955

Re: Does moving from the A32x to the A32xNEO require differences training?

Slightly off topic but how much difference training is required between an A32X aircraft flown with the CFM International engines versus the IAE VS engines (assuming CEO A32X)? I don’t remember doing any difference training for CFM/IAE but maybe it was already included in the type rating. The diffe...

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by Flow2706
Mon Jan 03, 2022 6:17 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Does moving from the A32x to the A32xNEO require differences training?
Replies: 9
Views: 1955

Re: Does moving from the A32x to the A32xNEO require differences training?

Yes, they are only variants, it's only CBT training. In my current company we have A320/321/CEO/NEO, so far I haven't flown the NEO yet but I did the CBT and I am therefore allowed to fly the NEO if it shows up on my roster. I heard the takeoff and landing are a bit different due to an updated rotat...

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by Flow2706
Fri Dec 24, 2021 1:26 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Do airliners still fly landing patterns?
Replies: 4
Views: 1497

Re: Do airliners still fly landing patterns?

It’s really depending on the operator, destinations and kind of operation. I used to fly for an European company that did mostly holiday charter flights. If the weather and traffic situation was acceptable I often requested visual approaches (following the prescribed pattern) in the Canary Islands, ...

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by Flow2706
Thu Nov 11, 2021 7:30 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Survey: Visual Descent Point
Replies: 10
Views: 1811

Re: Survey: Visual Descent Point

Very interesting to read that some airlines are not certified to fly conventional NPAs. In my career so far I have been working for four different companies in Asia and Europe so far and conventional NPAs, even though mostly flown as RNAV overlays (and as CDFAs, I.e. without the level off at MDA), a...

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by Flow2706
Tue Nov 02, 2021 8:50 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Use of rudder in commercial aircraft
Replies: 18
Views: 2205

Re: Use of rudder in commercial aircraft

There is actually a big note in the Airbus FCTM regarding the use of rudder. It emphasises that the rudder should only be used during takeoff/landing/crosswind landings (to Decrab) and engine failures and few rare failures, f.e. rudder trim runaway (to return the rudder to the centered position). Th...

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by Flow2706
Tue Oct 26, 2021 10:46 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Can flaps be used to slow an aircraft or only to allow it to fly safely at slower speeds?
Replies: 18
Views: 1537

Re: Can flaps be used to slow an aircraft or only to allow it to fly safely at slower speeds?

As mentioned before, it's really depending on the aircraft type. On the A320 (and I think on most other large airplanes as well) flaps will definitely increase drag and could be used to slow down from a purely aerodynamic point of view. However flap wear increases by *a lot* when extending the flaps...

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by Flow2706
Tue Oct 19, 2021 9:43 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: EasyJet A321 flew out-of-balance after seated for A320
Replies: 13
Views: 2765

Re: EasyJet A321 flew out-of-balance after seated for A320

I always thought that on Airbus FBW aircraft, you just command a roll or pitch rate with the sidestick (at least in normal law). But in that case (wrong CG) you wouldn't feel a difference when rotating, since the FBW would just command more elevator to achieve the pitch change/rotation. The devil i...

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by Flow2706
Sat Oct 16, 2021 7:44 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: EasyJet A321 flew out-of-balance after seated for A320
Replies: 13
Views: 2765

Re: EasyJet A321 flew out-of-balance after seated for A320

CG's going to be a little north of where it should be, so your stab trim would be significantly off. Uncomfortable, sure, might be a bit sluggish on the rotation, but unless you're operating at the edge of the takeoff envelope it's not great but it's not going to kill you unless you're not paying a...

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by Flow2706
Sun Oct 10, 2021 7:40 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Could flap operation be automated?
Replies: 18
Views: 1886

Re: Could flap operation be automated?

While Airbus does not have automatic flaps it can do something similar during the approach: it can automatically reduce to maneuvering speed for the current flap setting (if the speed is in "managed" mode while the FMGC is in approach phase), so it's possible not to touch the speed knob du...

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by Flow2706
Sun Oct 03, 2021 5:32 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Which airliners are able to use APU while airborne?
Replies: 10
Views: 1691

Re: Which airliners are able to use APU while airborne?

On the A320 APU can be started and run up to the service ceiling (39800ft or 39100ft, except for some ACJs). The generator can be used at altitude as well, it has the same rating as the engine generators. APU bleed usage is limited to around 20000 or 22000ft (depending on APU type) and APU bleed may...

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by Flow2706
Mon Sep 13, 2021 10:13 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: In revenue service, could the DC-10 land without using reverse thrust?
Replies: 22
Views: 2665

Re: In revenue service, could the DC-10 land without using reverse thrust?

3 installed, 2 required. One can be put on MEL. But, as Starlionblue indicated, the aircraft are certified to stop without their use. Can the AC be dispatched with either #1 or #3 inop? How many airliners have thrust reverse on MEL for dispatch? Or does this vary by the conditions for a given fligh...

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by Flow2706
Wed Sep 01, 2021 3:17 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: What are the red ECAM messages on Airbus planes?
Replies: 17
Views: 2499

Re: What are the red ECAM messages on Airbus planes?

which makes me wonder... is that in any way customizable between customer and Airbus? I.e. "our SOP is to land with Autobreak armed, can we can a warning for that?". Not just for autobreakes of course, but are warning conditions OEM only decisions or can Airlines tailor those? best regard...

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by Flow2706
Tue Aug 24, 2021 2:07 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Pilot schedluing/"bidding" at European full service airlines?
Replies: 10
Views: 1625

Re: Pilot schedluing/"bidding" at European full service airlines?

There are different kinds of bidding systems in place in European airline. I mostly flew for smaller companies, there was no real bidding system (in one ACMI company you could try to ask the company to assign you a specific base for a couple of months, but no specific flights). The "bigger"...

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by Flow2706
Sun Aug 22, 2021 2:22 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Weight conversions to imperial/metric for 'used' aircraft- how does it work?
Replies: 14
Views: 1340

Re: Weight conversions to imperial/metric for 'used' aircraft- how does it work?

On the aircraft side, it is not a big change. I'm not an engineer, but it may even be possible to change the aircraft from kg to lbs (or vice versa) without any hardware change. Paperwork may be more of an issue. In one of my previous companies most of the fleet was using the metric system, however ...

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by Flow2706
Tue Aug 10, 2021 7:45 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: A320 Wingtip strobes
Replies: 19
Views: 2588

Re: A320 Wingtip strobes

The strobe light switch has three settings: OFF, AUTO and ON. On and Off are self-explanatory, Auto will activate the strobes at lift off. Airbus SOP is to turn on the strobe lights when entering the runway, during ground operations they are left in Auto. Probably the Frontier crew forgot to turn th...

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by Flow2706
Sat Aug 07, 2021 2:20 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: A320neo small differences/updates (+FLS&GLS Questions)
Replies: 6
Views: 1147

Re: A320neo small differences/updates (+FLS&GLS Questions)

Never flown the NEO, but the MORA on ND option has been there already when I started flying on the Airbus back in 2010, so it's not a new option.

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by Flow2706
Tue Aug 03, 2021 9:17 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Can severe turbulence damage avionics in the E&E bay?
Replies: 12
Views: 1792

Re: Can severe turbulence damage avionics in the E&E bay?

There was one case where a bleed air duct detached during a severe turbulence encounter. However, it was determined that the connector was not secured correctly to beginn with and it would have shaken loose anyway, possibly a bit later: http://www.bst-tsb.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/aviation/2015/a15...

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by Flow2706
Mon Jun 14, 2021 4:43 pm
Forum: Civil Aviation
Topic: Off duty DL F/A causes dvx to OKC on LAX-ATL flight
Replies: 39
Views: 29422

Re: Off duty DL F/A causes dvx to OKC on LAX-ATL flight

The FAA needs to act on mental health screening. Drug test are given randomly and due to reasonable suspicion, but the mental health examination is the elephant in the room. A mental health fitness screening should be a mandatory requirement in the transportation industry on an annual basis. Like t...

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by Flow2706
Wed Jun 02, 2021 8:00 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Retro-jet maintenance
Replies: 8
Views: 2729

Re: Retro-jet maintenance

Not sure about the American Airlines retro liveries, but when I was working for Aer Lingus a couple of years ago we also had quite a few special liveries, one of them a retro livery (EI-DVM). I don't think maintenance needed to apply special procedures/considerations due to the livery. From the pilo...

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by Flow2706
Fri May 21, 2021 7:41 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: EU / UN "government fleets" ?
Replies: 7
Views: 2284

Re: EU / UN "government fleets" ?

Many states have transport category aircraft for their government officials. The German "Flugbereitschaft" has some A340 that are being replaced by A350s. Other states have similar arrangements. Regarding the UN, the tend to lease the aircraft they need from different airlines. The UNHAS (...

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by Flow2706
Fri May 21, 2021 11:19 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Inflight Oscillation at Cruise
Replies: 15
Views: 3495

Re: Inflight Oscillation at Cruise

These oscillations can be caused by mountain wave activity. As mentioned by VMCA787 the ALT CRZ mode on the A320 allows small altitude variations to increase passenger comfort, therefore the reaction to slight altitude change due to mountain wave activity can be slightly delayed.

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by Flow2706
Fri May 21, 2021 11:15 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: (Warning) Question about disturbing or morbid topic
Replies: 7
Views: 4617

Re: (Warning) Question about disturbing or morbid topic

It's strange if the victims of the IB610 accident were indeed found naked, as this accident happened during the approach phase. Finding the victims naked usually means that there was an explosive depressurization or that the victims were ejected from the aircraft while it was still in flight (f.e. s...

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by Flow2706
Wed Apr 14, 2021 10:38 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: YouTube Video - Late Throttle Override. Any further information?
Replies: 26
Views: 4007

Re: YouTube Video - Late Throttle Override. Any further information?

My question is why aren't they using simulators in Europe? The fidelity of modern full motion sims is so good that the lag is imperceptible. They work extraordinarily well for pilot training. Twice I've been on flights where it was the FO's first time actually flying the plane. Smooth as silk. The ...

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by Flow2706
Wed Apr 14, 2021 9:36 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: YouTube Video - Late Throttle Override. Any further information?
Replies: 26
Views: 4007

Re: YouTube Video - Late Throttle Override. Any further information?

My question is why aren't they using simulators in Europe? The fidelity of modern full motion sims is so good that the lag is imperceptible. They work extraordinarily well for pilot training. Twice I've been on flights where it was the FO's first time actually flying the plane. Smooth as silk. The ...

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by Flow2706
Fri Apr 09, 2021 10:13 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Extension of flaps and landing gear during turns on large aircraft
Replies: 18
Views: 3512

Re: Extension of flaps and landing gear during turns on large aircraft

Regardless, I'd get a thrashing if I asked for flaps three as the gear was still moving. Convention is a powerful thing. :D In my previous company flaps 3 with gear still in transit apparently resulted in an FDM event. I was quite surprised when the safety department asked me to submit a report reg...

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by Flow2706
Wed Apr 07, 2021 9:39 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Extension of flaps and landing gear during turns on large aircraft
Replies: 18
Views: 3512

Re: Extension of flaps and landing gear during turns on large aircraft

There is no limitation regarding extending flaps during turns. The load on the flap mechanism is not increased due to the turn, there is no safety risk involved. The speed at flap extension is more critical though. On my type (A320) many pilots try to avoid flap extension close to the limit speed (u...

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by Flow2706
Tue Mar 30, 2021 9:48 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Crosswind Landing Question
Replies: 4
Views: 1524

Re: Crosswind Landing Question

Which is easier to control during a good stiff crosswind situation, an A380 or a CRJ? I'm sure this has been discussed before but does aircraft size affect drift? Is an A380 due to its massive fuselage and tail vertical size subject to more drift as it may act more like a huge sail or is not suscep...

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by Flow2706
Tue Mar 30, 2021 2:39 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: A/C type behaviour in turbulence
Replies: 26
Views: 4694

Re: A/C type behaviour in turbulence

Regarding the A320 family, the A320 flies better in turbulence compared to the A319 and A321. The A319 is very light and therefore very sensitive. The A321 tends to yaw a lot in moderate turbulence as the fuselage is quite long compared to the A320. Also the cockpit and aft cabin is further from the...

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by Flow2706
Mon Mar 29, 2021 6:01 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Airlines that don't require their crews to overnight
Replies: 21
Views: 3019

Re: Airlines that don't require their crews to overnight

As far as I know Ryanair and EasyJet don’t have scheduled overnights. Unfortunately, overnights have become relatively uncommon for short/medium haul flights with many airlines.

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by Flow2706
Mon Mar 29, 2021 9:16 am
Forum: Civil Aviation
Topic: SAA flight had an "extaordinarily dangerous" takeoff
Replies: 24
Views: 10060

Re: SAA flight had an "extaordinarily dangerous" takeoff

A possible invalid activation of envelope protections intrigues me. Does anyone know how often this might occur? I don't think I've ever heard of an instance before. There was an OEB about the incorrect activation of the AOA protection. The reason for the publication of this OEB were two events of ...

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by Flow2706
Wed Mar 24, 2021 3:26 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Different manufacturers for jet engines #1 vs. #2
Replies: 25
Views: 4900

Re: Different manufacturers for jet engines #1 vs. #2

For the A320 CEO there is a thing called "engine intermix". However this does not refer to different engine types, but to different versions of the same (CFM56-5) engine. This intermix is usually not really not noticeable to the pilots, except that the EGT/N1 might be a bit different betwe...

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by Flow2706
Mon Mar 22, 2021 2:27 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Grass landing strips
Replies: 21
Views: 2786

Re: Grass landing strips

I have flown gliders for many years, mostly from Grass runways (they are still very common for gliders nowadays). Grass Runways are actually more "forgiving" than hard surface (for firm/hard landings). If the grass is mowed regularly it poses not particular challenges. Long grass can be cr...

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by Flow2706
Sun Mar 21, 2021 3:25 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Why not wider runways?
Replies: 31
Views: 5468

Re: Why not wider runways?

What runway width would you consider sufficient? 60m? 90m? 120m? Everything in life is a compromise. It is clear that every increase in runway width increases costs. The safety benefit is rather negligible. You could probably argue the same thing about roads. The most critical thing about narrow run...

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by Flow2706
Thu Mar 18, 2021 11:52 pm
Forum: Civil Aviation
Topic: Viva Aerobus A320 nose gear collapse at PVR
Replies: 46
Views: 8399

Re: Viva Aerobus A320 nose gear collapse at PVR

If you turn the tiller too far, it will unscrew right off the strut. It's not possible to "unscrew" the nose wheel by tiller movement. There is a mechanical stop on the tiller, the nose wheel movement is limited. No authority would certify an aircraft that could suffer a nose gear collaps...

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by Flow2706
Tue Mar 16, 2021 2:33 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Why are engines on planes changed so often?
Replies: 18
Views: 4027

Re: Why are engines on planes changed so often?

Some airlines also choose to „de-pair“ engines on new aircraft (i.e. swap on of the engines on a new aircraft with the engine of an older aircraft) if there is a reliability issue. This was mandated by the authorities on the 787s when it had so many engines issues. SQ also did it on A330s after they...

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by Flow2706
Thu Mar 11, 2021 12:12 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: 737-800 landing with flaps 15
Replies: 3
Views: 1844

Re: 737-800 landing with flaps 15

Landings with a similar "halfway-down" flap selection seem to be a relatively common occurrence on A320 series aircraft (see here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W2Zr_cLlLqk&t=4079s&ab_channel=SkyliteProductions around 1:07). Just to chime in on that, A320s are certified to land ...

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by Flow2706
Thu Mar 11, 2021 12:05 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Door Latch Question
Replies: 18
Views: 2691

Re: Door Latch Question

When I was a ramp agent (before my first pilot job) we were dispatching 737s as well. It was a very common occurrence and was usually spotted by the ramp agent during his walk around before push back. I don't think there is an indication in the cockpit, so most of the time we would just inform the c...

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by Flow2706
Thu Mar 11, 2021 12:17 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Taxi and Delay Times
Replies: 31
Views: 2814

Re: Taxi and Delay Times

Low hanging fruit, maybe. It is better to wait on the ground than in the air over the destination. Eurocontrol does a pretty good job at slotting aircraft so the wait is at the runway and not in a holding pattern at the destination. If there is a slot the aircraft usually won't get a pushback clear...

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by Flow2706
Mon Mar 08, 2021 3:43 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Overloading Airliners - easily possible?
Replies: 13
Views: 2632

Re: Overloading Airliners - easily possible?

The calculations are done using standard weights for passengers, which can vary between legislation and type of flight. Many modern transport category aircraft can actually measure their own weight once in flight. This is usually done by a computer based on aerodynamic data (Angle of Attack). On the...

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by Flow2706
Tue Mar 02, 2021 11:10 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Airbus planes seeming to switch off engines on hold pattern
Replies: 16
Views: 4368

Re: Airbus planes seeming to switch off engines on hold pattern

To add to above explanations, an A330/350 pilot, or any other airline pilot for that matter, would never switch off a normally operating engine in flight other than in an emergency. It would be considered a massive breach of procedure and a safety event. This is especially true in a two engine airc...

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by Flow2706
Fri Feb 26, 2021 11:37 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Fuel flow: Same N1/EPR at different altitudes?
Replies: 9
Views: 1442

Re: Fuel flow: Same N1/EPR at different altitudes?

Fuel flow at higher altitudes is significantly lower than at lower altitudes due to density and other factors. Don't know the values for the 350 but on an A320 the fuel flow will be around 4000kg/h per engine during takeoff, during cruise it is around 1000-1200kg/h per engine.

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by Flow2706
Fri Feb 26, 2021 10:33 am
Forum: Civil Aviation
Topic: Another B777 engine trouble
Replies: 15
Views: 4339

Re: Another B777 engine trouble

More than likely an absolute non-Event. The report mentioned a failure of a FADEC Channel. Not familiar with the 777 systems, but if one channel fails in a dual channel system usually the other channel will take over some or in some cases even all functions of the failed system. That’s the concept o...

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by Flow2706
Thu Feb 25, 2021 12:57 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Shortest runway airports with regular A380 service
Replies: 27
Views: 6379

Re: Shortest runway airports with regular A380 service

I believe DUB's longest runway is only 9,000 ft and routinely has a DUB-LAX flight, albeit with an A330-200. A 10,000 ft runway at sea level is quote long. For values of long. We always seem to have to use Flaps 3 on that one. :) I edited my post to be as precise as possible. The DUB runway per wik...

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by Flow2706
Mon Feb 22, 2021 5:44 pm
Forum: Civil Aviation
Topic: EU Preparing Airline Eco-Label system
Replies: 58
Views: 4136

Re: EU Preparing Airline Eco-Label system

To be honest I don't think that there are significant differences in emissions between the European airlines. Nowadays most European airlines are operating modern types (mostly A320CEO/NEO and 737NG/MAX for medium haul flights and modern wide bodies on long haul flights, A330/787/350) with a high de...

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by Flow2706
Wed Feb 17, 2021 12:30 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Is it true that when flying air pressure won't allow the cabin door to open?
Replies: 22
Views: 3355

Re: Is it true that when flying air pressure won't allow the cabin door to open?

Doors on pressurized airplanes can't be opened in flight due to the differential pressure. During cruise flight the differential pressure between the cabin and the atmosphere is around 8-9PSI (depending on the aircraft type and altitude). The doors move slightly inwards before opening outwards so yo...

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by Flow2706
Fri Feb 12, 2021 10:31 pm
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: Who flies aircraft to storage areas?
Replies: 11
Views: 3151

Re: Who flies aircraft to storage areas?

As mentioned above usually it is the airline. When one of my former employers went bankrupt it was a controlled process so the operations were closed down in an "orderly" fashion. I was selected to bring one aircraft to the storage in Lourdes. I still remember the mechanic signing off the ...

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by Flow2706
Thu Feb 11, 2021 8:23 am
Forum: Technical/Operations
Topic: The Magic of "CAT IIIB"
Replies: 281
Views: 17711

Re: The Magic of "CAT IIIB"

BTW I have read a few comments on social media of people claiming LHR and JFK being the only CAT IIIC enabled airports in the world,however,as per my own research I have found that currently No Airport in the world is CAT IIIC equipped,So would I be right in claiming CAT IIIB as the presently used ...

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