I think it is necessary to remember that this report contains scenarios in a big timeframe until 2034, it doesn´t state that Mexico is a failed state, but rather can become one.
According to the defintion of a failed state provided by AM744 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Failed_state
there are 12 indicators that charactrize state vulnerability.
IMHO, Mexico has problems in at least 5:
4. Chronic and sustained human flight: both the "brain drain" of professionals, intellectuals and political dissidents and voluntary emigration of "the middle class." Growth of exile/expat communities are also used as part of this indicator.
It may surprise some in here, but not all is illegal immigration and not all to the US.
In general more and more Mexicans are leaving the country, because they don't find opportunities at home and are looking for a safe place to live.
Mexico has been loosing some of its finest scientists, artists and other professionals, because they don't find the support, safety and opportunities at home.
Not forgetting of course, all the people that decided to leave after they were kidnapped, assaulted or, OTOH threatened by the Druglords (many journalists among them).
5. Uneven economic development along group lines: determined by group-based inequality, or perceived inequality, in education, jobs, and economic status. Also measured by group-based poverty levels, infant mortality rates, education levels.
A person who couldn't afford to pay for a private school and later for a private college, will have a harder time to find a proper job and even then, if he lacks connections his chances are even slimer.
6. Sharp and/or severe economic decline: measured by a progressive economic decline of the society as a whole (using: per capita income, GNP, debt, child mortality rates, poverty levels, business failures.) A sudden drop in commodity prices, trade revenue, foreign investment or debt payments. Collapse or devaluation of the national currency and a growth of hidden economies, including the drug trade, smuggling, and capital flight. Failure of the state to pay salaries of government employees and armed forces or to meet other financial obligations to its citizens, such as pension payments
Its not only drugs, but on a smaller level smuggling of many products, especially pirate products of all kind, which are not only being smuggled in but produced aswell.
There is aswell the organized smuggling of people from all over the world into the US.
The other points do not look bad for Mexico.
7. Criminalization and/or delegitimisation of the state: endemic corruption or profiteering by ruling elites and resistance to transparency, accountability and political representation. Includes any widespread loss of popular confidence in state institutions and processes.
The power and corruption of those ruling elites has been growing into disgusting levels.
All Union leaders are bunch of mafiosi, that have the power to bent federal and local governments. E.g the leader of the teachers union can literally dictate the educational policy and demand as many millions of Pesos to spend as she pleases. Nobody [b]does[/] anything against it. They have mansions, yachts and millions all over the world, but nobody seems to care in the intersest of "social peace", the prefered pretext of a mediocre and incompetent political class.
A political class to which words like transparency, accountability and political representation, are just nice sounding words without meaning. All political parties without exception don't act in the interest of Mexico, today when Mexico is facing very tough challenges and when unity is much more needed, the opossition doesn't seem to care if Troy burns and the party in power doesn't act like one.
The governeurs have found a very clever startegy against the Cartels: Its a federal crime, not our business. It was published in many newspapers, that a couple of weeks ago, President Calderón exploded in anger against some Governeurs because he doesn´t see any commitement from them.
The two largest TV
broadcasting companies, Televisa and TVAzteca, openly have violated laws and regulations, and the authorites have allways closed the eyes.
A state that is unable to apply the law, is a weak state. Period.
And a society that tolerates this, is equally responsable for this failure.
8. Progressive deterioration of public services: a disappearance of basic state functions that serve the people, including failure to protect citizens from terrorism and violence and to provide essential services, such as health, education, sanitation, public transportation. Also using the state apparatus for agencies that serve the ruling elites, such as the security forces, presidential staff, central bank, diplomatic service, customs and collection agencies
It has been a while since the state has lost the monopoly of force, hence is unable to effectively protect its citizens. The worst part is, that the state itself doesn's want to apply force when necessary. It's ridiculous that in Mexico City, among others, anybody can block a street as he pleases and the police will let him do it and never press charges against him. What about the rest of the citizens that suddenly cannot continue their journey? Nobody cares.
Public services are getting worse:
Electricity is unstable and the service is interrupted very frequently.
Public education is very poor(private is not necesarily better), look at PISA.
Public transportation, at least in Mexico City, is not planned as a whole and in recent years more in the interest of political image rather than efficiency.
Its more than the war on drugs, which endangers the stability of the Mexican State and it is not only the Mexican governement's responsiblity alone to prevent that from happening.
I know I may sound very negative, but it angers me to see my homecountry in the state it is now. It makes me sad, to see such a great country facing this difficulties.
|Quoting Theredbaron (Reply 44):|
Quoting UAL777 (Reply 42):
Its getting to the point that it is becoming our problem.
You are wrong my friend.
Its not becoming "your" problem.
its a "We" Problem, You are also the problem.
And unfortunatly the US Congress has been cutting and blocking financial and material aid promised by the US Government. Not a good sign of cooperation.