emphasis and underline
|Quoting Revelation (Reply 58):|
Quoting 57AZ (Reply 57):
Actually, police package cars are not exempt from CAFE. There is a provision where each manufacturer is allowed to manufacture and sell a certain number of vehicles annually that are non-compliant with CAFE but there are a number of restrictions involved, including no sales to the general public.
What I found was:
(e) Emergency Vehicles. - (1) In this subsection, "emergency vehicle" means an automobile manufactured primarily for use - (A) as an ambulance or combination ambulance-hearse; (B) by the United States Government or a State or local government for law enforcement; or (C) for other emergency uses prescribed by regulation by the Secretary of Transportation. (2) A manufacturer may elect to have the fuel economy of an emergency vehicle excluded in applying a fuel economy standard under subsection (a), (b), (c), or (d) of this section.
With the exception of the current Caprice PPV, EVERY Police-Packaged CAR in the U.S. is/was based off an existing version of said-car that also sold in the U.S. retail market past or present. Even the PPV could
have the potential of being sold in the U.S. as a retail model; it is already rumored that a Chevy dealership in Maryland sold a few PPVs in the retail market that were likely cancellations of a prior police department order.
Nonetheless, if the basic model is mass-produced
(at least 10,000 vehicles per model year) AND
weighs UNDER 8500 lbs.; then it IS
indeed subject to EPA mileage ratings AND
CAFE laws whether it is sold in fleet (police) or retail markets.
Long story short, just about every police-packaged CAR sold in the U.S. since 1978 has been subject to CAFE laws.
|Quoting Revelation (Reply 58):|
The CV has been doomed for a while due to poor sales (which IMHO does have something to do to a degree with its bad fuel economy, not to mention that the public at large does not fancy land yachts these days), not because its police package version dragged down Ford's CAFE numbers.
That wasn't always the case. During most of the Panther platform's 32-year life span; the Crown Vic (and '79-'82 LTD) was sold in the retail market as well and its total sales numbers (both fleet and retail full-size Fords) sold well enough to avoid getting the axe until recently.
There were 2 primary reasons WHY the Police-Packaged Panther didn't receive either the Sequential Port-Fuel Injected 5.8L
(which became available in 1986 for large trucks & vans) or the 5.4L ('97 and later for large trucks, vans & SUVs) as possible engine options:
1. The ratings of those engines would've automatically triggered an addtional Gas-Guzzler tax for all vehicle purchases due to the CAFE laws in place at the time. Heck, even the variable-venturi powered 5.8L
engines from the mid-80s through 1991 triggered the GG
tax. Some departments applied to the IRS to request an exemption from the tax (not sure if such exemptions were actually granted). While GM
was eventually able to avoid the GG
tax after 1993 for its 5.7L
powered full-sizes; it just barely
cleared that threshold.
2. For most of its 32-year lifespan, the very existence of the platform was ALWAYS under a constant threat. Upgrades & changes (notably the 1992 revamp) were only done if it was known that platform was going to be around for another few years or so. Originally, the both Ford's Panther platform and GM
's RWD B & C Bodies weren't expected to survive past 1985 (GM's were originally supposed to be gone by 1983).
Lower gas prices (at the time), an improving economy (again, at the time), buyer demand and CAFE standards remaining flat were the main reasons WHY the Panther platform lasted as long as it did.
"TransEastern! You'll feel like you've never left the ground because we treat you like dirt!" SNL Parady ad circa 1981