|Quoting prebennorholm (Reply 48):|
Neukölln is a pretty large part of Berlin, and the ghetto was a small part in the north. But it is actually one of the German ghettos which over the last several years has received lots of resources for improvement.
I grew up in Rudow in the south as a boy, but later lived between Hermannstrasse and Karl-Marx-Strasse in the north, which is right in the area you describe. I would not call it a ghetto, it is still ethnically a pretty mixed, but low income area. The main issue is (in all Berlin working class districts) that since the German re-unification Berlin (during cold war businesses in West Berlin were subsidised by the West German government to keep their factories there for political reasons. When the subsidies suddenly stopped after re-unification, many companies closed up and moved their work to low wage countries, mainly in Eastern Europe. The Communists in the East did not invest in their factories, so that by the time of the re-unification they were still mostly on the technological standard of the 1950s and could not compete) , which was once the biggest industrial city in Germany (mainly electrical, but also pharmaceutical and engineering, has lost most of it's industry (and therefore blue collar jobs) and has turned into a primarely administrative town, with new "creative" jobs appearing (the Berlin government is trying to sell the city as a kind of new Silicon Valley). The problem is that for most of these jobs college degrees are required, excluding traditional workers with vocational training, leading to high unemployment, both for ethnic Germans and immigrants (the Gastarbeiter got hird to do menial physical jobs). Competition for jobs is mainly going on at the bottom end.
The same applies to the other working class districts.
Examples for companies which once hired ten thousands in Berlin, and which have now gone: AEG, Telefunken, Schering, Osram, Borsig, and for a part Siemens.
[Edited 2016-01-25 01:43:07]
[Edited 2016-01-25 01:43:48]