So, it's time to analyze the incident in detail.
The border service of the Federal security service of the Russian Federation holds a briefing on the Ukrainian provocation in the Kerch Strait.
Two boats followed to the North-East in the direction of the Kerch Strait. At 21:30 24 November to 8 miles from the boundaries of the data the boats was informed about the procedure of crossing the state border. From boats the answer was received that the passage of the Strait is not planned. After that, the Ukrainian sailors were informed that it is necessary to apply for 48, 24 and 4 hours to pass. None of these applications were filed.
These rules are more than 20 years old, and all this time have never been violated by either Russian or Ukrainian sailors. I will inform you that the rules are MANDATORY.
22: 23 the commander of the Russian border boat informed the Ukrainian crews about closing of the Kerch Strait. Ukrainian vessels continued maneuvering 6 miles from the sea borders of the Russian Federation. To overcome this distance is enough for 30-40 minutes at their speed. We have not received an answer to why this was done.
Let me remind you of the attempts of ukrainiuan subversive groups to infiltrate the Crimean Peninsula.
Ukrainian sailors previously stated that if Russian ships approach them at a distance of 20 cable, it will open fire. Artillery installations were sent to where the Russian border ships were.
As you know, there were regular statements from Ukrainian politicians to destroy the Crimean bridge. The border service of the FSB was forced to increase the number of ships in the area of the Kerch-yenikal canal to minimize the threat.
For a long time we have inspected only about 10-12% of the vessels that followed the Crimean bridge. At the same time, the bulk of the inspected vessels were sent to Russian ports. About any so-called blockade of the Ukrainian ports of the speech doesn't go.
Closing the passage through the Kerch Strait, as I think everyone understands, was due to the need to stop the Ukrainian provocation.
25 Nov. 2:05 (Moscow time). Border patrol "Emerald" found two boats of the Navy "Berdyansk" and "Nikopol", which are connected with the ships "Gorlovka" and "Yana Kapu" just 4 miles from the sea border of Russia. For what purpose they deviated from the General route and tried to hide the actions? During the same period (at night) was carried out refueling boats at the borders of Russia.
5:35. The border post learned that the boats and the tug set out to follow in Berdyansk. The representative of FSB reminded that before the Ukrainian seamen didn't send any notification.
5:45 Once again it was reported about closing of pass through the Kerch Strait.
5:50 the Commander of "Berdyansk" began to read the Agreement on cooperation concerning freedom of navigation. At that time, there were 166 civil courts in the area of anchorages.
To reach the Parking, the boats had to cross the border of the Russian Federation, entering the Russian territorial waters, and only after that the boats would be in the area where free passage is possible.
6: 30 the Russian frontier guard again brought to Ukrainians information that the application for passage of Strait is necessary - to the captain of the Kerch port. This information the boat group ignored and continued to follow to the border of the Russian Federation.
7: 01 They crossed border of Russia and came into the territorial sea. It should be noted that they entered the territorial sea where the sovereignty of the Russian Federation extended even before Crimea became part of the Russian Federation.
7: 20 the Ships of FSB of the Russian Federation "Don" and "Emerald" called the Ukrainian crews on communication, reporting on need to leave the territorial sea. But no response was received.
8: 30 Crews of the Russian frontier ships recorded moving of artillery complex in combat readiness. Artillery complex were directed towards the Russian ships. By that time on the Russian ships calculations in combat readiness weren't given. One can only guess what the attack from the Ukrainian boats in the area of intensive navigation in such conditions would lead to.
With 10:35 to 18:30, a group of Ukrainian ships have been blocked in the area of the anchor.
Meanwhile, at 11:30, the leadership of the Ukrainian Navy gives a command and sends several boats from Berdyansk to the Kerch Strait. These boats were met on the approach and couldn't take part in provocation.
At 18:30 the Ukrainian ships took measures for break from the Russian territorial sea. Russian ships began to pursue them and send signals.
20:42 PSKR "Emerald" has warned that will use weapons if the ships of naval forces of Ukraine will not stop. Due to the fact that Ukrainian ships are not stopped, the commander of the "Emerald" took the decision about a warning fire in the direction of the Ukrainian boats.
20:45 Warning shooting done from a distance of 2 cables (~400 meters) except of the Ukrainian Navy ships.
20: 50 "Berdyansk" was warned that firing will be open on defeat if boats don't stop.
20:55 PSKR "Emerald" had used the weapon on the boat "Berdyansk" so that the use of a 30 mm 6-barrel installation caused minimal damage to the boat and crew. The commander of the ship was tasked to minimize the damage. All this happened in the dark. Those wounds which, unfortunately, are got by seamen, they are insignificant.
20: 58. "Berdyansk" went into the drift. The captain asked for help. After 8 minutes, our border guards have already provided assistance to Ukrainian sailors. Everything was done very quickly.
22: 28 All three ships of naval forces of VSU were detained in the territorial sea of the Russian Federation.
0:40 Wounded sailors taken for treatment to Kerch.
On boats and tugs were found weapons and ammunition exceeding the standard ammunition
There are also official explanations from the FSB of Russia, given on their website:
The Federal security service of the Russian Federation has information that the provocative actions of the Ukrainian Navy ships were carried out on the direct instructions of the Kiev authorities.
The territorial waters of the Russian Federation, which were invaded by Ukrainian warships, were such even before the reunification of Crimea with Russia.
Coordination of provocation was carried out by two employees of the security Service of Ukraine, seconded to the crews of military boats.http://www.fsb.ru/fsb/press/message/single.htm%21id%3D10438316%40fsbMessage.html
In 07.01 25 November despite the warnings of the closure of the area of the territorial sea of the Russian Federation on the approaches to the Kerch Strait from the Black sea ships of the Ukrainian Navy (tank "Berdyansk" tank "Nikopol", MB "Jana Kapu") in the coordinates W=44°52,7' n, D=36°31,3' VD crossed the state border of the Russian Federation and carried out the sunset in the temporarily closed area for swimming than violated the requirements of the UN Convention on the law of the sea 1982, Law of the Russian Federation from April, 1st, 1993 n 4730-I "About State border of the Russian Federation".
Reference in accordance with articles:
- 21, 22 of the Convention, the coastal state may, if necessary and taking into account the safety of navigation, require foreign vessels (ships) exercising the right of innocent passage to use the sea corridors and traffic separation schemes that it may establish or prescribe to regulate the passage of ships;
- 13 Federal law" on internal sea waters, territorial sea and adjacent zone of the Russian Federation " foreign ships, foreign warships, exercising the right of peaceful passage through the territorial sea, must comply with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the rules relating to the peaceful passage through the territorial sea, in respect of:
safety of navigation and regulation of ship traffic, including the use of sea corridors and traffic separation schemes.
On the detained military vessels of the Ukrainian Navy were the following types of weapons and ammunition:
1. 30 mm gun - 4 units.
2. Automatic grenade launcher AGS -17 – 4 units.
3. Machine gun "DShK" 12.7 mm - 2 units.
4. Machine gun PKT 7.62 mm – 4 units.
5. Automatic AK-47 5.45 mm-13 units.
6. Gun PM 9mm-4 units.
7. Traumatic gun 9mm-1 unit.
8. Signal pistol PS-1 unit.
9. High-explosive fragmentation projectile 30 mm-765 units. + (32 zinc, unnumbered, set the number is not possible)
10. Shot VOG-17 – 1975 units.
11. VOG shot-495 units.
12. RGD-5 grenade – 40
13. Grenade RG-42 – 48 units.
14. Grenade RGD-20 units.
15. Fuse uzrgm-2 – 30 units.
16. Fuse RG-42 – 38 units.
17. 30 mm signal cartridge-87 units.
18. Cartridges 7,62 mm-9865 units.
19. Cartridges 5,45 mm-11736 units.
20. Cartridges 9 mm-1189 units.
21. Cartridges 12,7 mm - 612 units.
22. Bayonet-knife-15 units.
23. Shop AK-74 – 42 units.
24. Shop PM - 4 units.
(Cannon 30 mm AGS-17 and PKT is 1 the gun mount, there are only 4, two on each boat.).
During the inspection of the detained Ukrainian military boats on the boat "Nikopol" found document: "Checklist of readiness of the boat "Nikopol" to the sea from 9.00 to 18.00 23.11.2018 25.11.2018 of the year" in which the older group of ships is a direct challenge to make the transition from Odessa to Berdyansk "secretive order", "focusing on ensuring a stealth approach to the Kerch-Yenikalsky canal and passing through it."http://www.fsb.ru/fsb/press/message/single.htm%21id%3D10438317%40fsbMessage.html