China has built about 38,000km of high speed rail, in about the same time since California first got approval to start construction back in 2008. California is the world's 3rd largest economy, what's the problem here?
China invested 100 Billion USD into constructing HSR each and every years. While California is thinking about whether it is worth to invest 100 Billion USD in total into linking its two most important cities.
California HSR is (yet another) example that actual transportation professionals are being completely misused and deliberately misunderstood, in order to pursue a political fantasy. California HSR is a sick joke and a tragedy. IMO, it proves that government must be sharply reduced in size.
Meanwhile, actual skilled transport professionals remain involved in the road network and aviation network. No credit, no glory.
Passenger railroad is an 1800s technology that acts as a spiritual talisman for greedy politicians and fanatics. The numbers on California HSR were always horribly awful, and yet, still represented a fraudulent under-estimate of the true costs. The operational benefits ("high speed") were also fraudulent. There is no benefit. But people don't care. It's a cult.
Treating high speed rail as like the rail from before the onset of passenger road vehicles and commercial aviation is exactly what's wrong with American mindset of HSR construction. No matter supporters or oppositions. Yes that's indeed a reason behind California HSR's management failure and delays.
It actually makes more sense to put infrastructure in LCCs and Airport development rather than HSR as infrastructure is needed only for Airports, Instead of Rail you have air which has no maintenance costs AFAIK. The plane sure has but then that can be equated to the train itself.
ATC have no maintenance cost? Upgrading ATC systems to deal with the ever increasing number of passengers and number of departure flight is free?
Not just in Japan, but even in China, the majority of mass moves through LCC.
What are you saying?
As of year 2019, Japanese domwstic LCCs carried 10 million people a year. Full service carriers carried 92 million people domestically that year.
Meanwhile, Shinkansen carried 1.1 million passengers a day. That mean 400 million passengers a year.
How is the "mass" using LCC when they are just 10 million comoares to 400 million on HSR?
Likewise for China. China air sector (regardless of LCC or not or domestic or otherwise) transported 660 million people in total in year 2019. Meanwhile China High speed rail transported 6.5 million passengers a day that year, aka 2 billion people a year. Tell me how 660 million is the mass compared to 2 billion.
That is the reason the Chinese have been building their own commercial plane, One is they get access to the better and latest technology, a lot of which can be dual-used for military applications.
Did you missed the news in which China is now constructing the high speed rail from Sichuan to Tibet with military application in mind?
The only thing that I have not been hearing from China is while they are all hell-bent on e-mobility for cars and whatnot, for air travel not so much, although there are around 100 odd companies/startups around the world who are attempting to both take up on electronic batteries, air travel, and VTOL. Once that is done, the economics will be more in favor of LCC. Even somewhat conventional airplanes are going to make the sector hotter if they are able to realize their plans. https://simpleflying.com/could-a-supers ... -airliner/
VTOL, and supersonic air travel, aren't going to beat the efficiency of conventional aircraft, and thus LCCs aren't going to switch over. They will occupy a more premium niche instead of the mass market.