Check this out!
One of the more recent surveys on subsidy released for FY 1997. It shows not much has changed, albeit some names for programs previosly referred to. Only $10 billion in reductions were realized overall from FY1995 to this latest report so it goes to show that while times changes, things still remain the same.
In some cases, the direct subsidy for programs that benefitted Boeing and General Electric actually -increased-.
Search under the Appendix: Worst Corporate Welfare Abusers
The key areas to zero in on are:
Advanced Technology Program (1997 appropriation: $225.0 million). The mission of the Advanced Technology Program is to enhance the competitiveness of U.S. companies by helping them to make better use of basic research in new technologies. ATP doles out more than $300 million annually in R&D grants to huge high-tech corporations like Caterpillar, General Electric, and Xerox. U.S. General Accounting Office audits have found many ATP grantees whose overhead costs exceed actual research expenses.  ATP was zeroed
out by Congress in the 1996 budget cycle, but President Clinton vetoed that bill and secured a compromise that allowed ATP to survive with a 49 percent budget cut. In 1997, ATP's budget was actually expanded by 2 percent.
International Trade Administration (1997 appropriation: $270.0 million). The International Trade Administration conducts export promotion programs directed toward specific industry sectors through its Trade Development Program. ITA's U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service provides counseling to U.S. businesses on exporting and facilitates participation of U.S. firms in trade shows. ITA also provides marketing services, develops regional and multilateral trade strategies, and investigates economically antiquated antidumping and countervailing duty cases. All those activities are more appropriately conducted directly by the private businesses and industries they are intended to benefit.
Defense Department: (This is where the increase is realized)
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency: applied R&D programs (1997 appropriation: $1,111.0 million). The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency funds a variety of applied R&D programs, some of which exist for nonmilitary purposes. For example, the new Dual Use Applications Program (which builds on the former Technology Reinvestment Project) is the primary vehicle of the Defense Department's strategy to encourage the development of dual-use technologies (i.e., those with both military and civilian uses). Proponents of dual-use technology development argue that it will help to reduce procurement costs and enable the military to more rapidly integrate new technologies into defense systems. In reality, the millions of dollars of research grants given to huge high-tech firms like Boeing, Hewlett Packard, and Texas Instruments end up subsidizing the development of profitable new civilian technologies that should be developed by private industry.
Independent agencies and Other
Export-Import Bank (1997 appropriation: $772.6 million). The Export-Import Bank uses taxpayer dollars to provide subsidized financing to foreign purchasers of U.S. goods. Eximbank's activities consist of making direct loans to those buyers at below-market interest rates, guaranteeing the loans of private institutions to those buyers, and providing export credit insurance to exporters and private lenders. In effect, Eximbank subsidizes the exports of some of America's largest companies, including Boeing, General Electric, and Westinghouse.
Furthermore, according to the Congressional Budget Office, in the 60 years of its existence, Eximbank has lost $8 billion on its operations--most of it in the last 15 years. In addition, the new subsidy costs for Eximbank are estimated to be about $800 million a year.
Trade and Development Agency (1997 appropriation: $40.0 million). The Trade and Development Agency provides grants to fund feasibility studies and other planning services for major economic development projects in developing countries. Those grants go largely to governments and to private investors in developing countries who then use the money to engage in commerce with U.S. businesses. TDA projects thereby subsidize new business opportunities for large U.S. corporations, such as Booz, Allen, and Hamilton; Bechtel; Caterpillar; EDS; General Electric; Honeywell; and Westinghouse.
The source for this is at:
A simple word of advice is to go to the CATO Institute website at:
Then do a keyword search on Subsidies filling in whichever company or industry one would like to explore with -ahead of it- and have a "tea party of information acquisition" afterwards (LOL!)