The Chinese report in the link above, published in Jan 2018, is titled "Is it worthwhile for Tier-2, Tier-3 cities to expend tens of millions CNY on opening international routes?"
Irrespective of how that controversial question gets addressed, the report does manage to disclose some significant info regarding the amounts of subsidies earmarked by Chinese governments at various levels to incentivize airlines to open international/intercontinental routes
Here's a snapshot of some numbers A subsidy exceeding 10 million CNY/approx 1.5 million USD is commonplaceShenzhen City, Guangdong Province
Per a 2016 subsidies document by the government of Shenzhen City, an airline would be eligible to secure the following amount of governmental subsidies, provided it operates out of Shenzhen Airport an intercontinental/international nonstop to new destinations in Europe/North America/Oceania/Africa/Arab Peninsula with at least twice-weekly flights up to a year's consecutive operationsFor the 1st year, 80 million CNY/12 million USD for a service to destinations in Oceania/Arab Peninsula; 100 million CNY/15 million USD for destinations in Europe, North America, Africa
For the 2nd year, the subsidy would be 75% of the 1st year's amount
For the 3rd year, the subsidy would be 50% of the 1st year's amountChangsha City, Hunan Province
According to the press release of the Bureau of Finance of Changsha City, for the first half of 2017, a sum of 118 million CNY/18 million USD
was earmarked for the opening of important air routes by the government of Changsha City as well as the government of Hunan Province
Guangzhou-Changsha-Frankfurt/CAN-CSX-FRA got subsidized at 68 million CNY/10 million USD
, CSX-SYD at 43 million CNY/6.5 million USDQingdao City, Shandong Province
According to the 2017 budget statement featuring special fiscal funds released by Qingdao City, a combined total of 497 million CNY/77 million USD
was earmarked to subsidize 4 intercontinental services to Frankfurt, Vancouver, Melbourne, San Francisco.
Particularly, the Capital Airlines under HNA got a subsidy of up to 138 million CNY/21 million USD
for the TAO-MEL service opened in 2016 Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province
According to the 2017 budget statement of the Transportation Council of Guangzhou City, a sum of 40 million CNY/6 million USD
was earmarked to subsidize a new international pax/freight route respectively
China Southern, the home base carrier at CAN, secured up to 268 million CNY/40 million USD
as subsidies for its newly-opened international nonstop services out of CANShanghai Municipality
Governmental subsidies are not confined to Chinese tier-2 cities
According to a 2016 governmental document governing the use of special fiscal funds to strengthen Shanghai as an aviation hub, released by the Bureau of Finance of Shanghai, subsidies apply to new medium/long-haul international routes, and medium/long-haul international routes that get resumed or additional frequencies, with each such new international service receiving a subsidy of 30 million CNY/4.5 million USDAny thoughts on the various subsidy numbers? How do they compare to the amounts of subsidies that you know are found to exist elsewhere as a practice to promote local economic development?