trex8 wrote:Would cargo eg routed HKG-ANC-ORD be cabotage just because they change equipment in ANC??
There are two definitions of cabotage. What you propose is consecutive cabotage, aka "8th freedom of the air" or the right granted by a country to a foreign carrier to transport traffic between two points within the country on a service that originates or terminates outside of the granting country. There is no blanket ban against this type of cabotage in the US as multiple cargo airlines have been granted that right, however the only one I am aware of where it involves a change of equipment is Qantas with its LAX-JFK service. I do not know whether Qantas needed specific approval for the change of equipment though.
(the other definition of cabotage is stand-alone cabotage, aka "9th freedom of the air" or the right for foreign carriers to operate domestic flights within a country with no link to an international service - what EU airlines can do within the EU borders)
Spacepope wrote:I think likely. QF serves JFK from LAX but there is no equipment swap or shuffling of cans and no issue there. Direct P2P with the pax-freighters would probably be easiest and cheapest, as you'd only have to bulk load the upper deck once. 777/747 ULD's won't nearly fit on A330s no matter how hard you yell and swear at them.
Not quite. The LAX-JFK leg is not only continuing service of whichever Australian city the aircraft came from (I believe it has originated in SYD, MEL, and BNE over the years). Passengers and cargo bound for NYC and coming off any of Qantas' flights into LAX can and do connect to the LAX-JFK leg, constituting for all but one Australian city "equipment swap or shuffling of cans."
As a matter of fact, I was told once that cargo was the reason the LAX-JFK leg exists. Qantas has enough cargo volume to/from NYC and the Mid-Atlantic that it is more profitable to fly it all the way to JFK (not like the aircraft would be better used elsewhere anyway) than to let American Airlines handle the domestic legs and lose that portion of the revenue.