Furthermore, the train from Vienna airport to Graz city centre takes exactly 3h00 - not sure if this is categorised as "continue as normal" or "must be taxed heavily". I think the rule applies only to routes with a train to VIE *under* 3 hours, so Vienna-Graz would not be affected for now.
I'm quite confident the railway will manage to cut two minutes.
If I was not so cynical, I would say the 350 km and 3h00 rules have been chosen very precisely with specific routes in mind... namely that VIE-Salzburg may end up being the only route to lose air service
The fact that Salzburg has a direct train every hour to Vienna airport (and thus LH/OS would perhaps prefer passengers to go by train and not to have to Q400s on this route - which are all due to be sent to the scrapper in 2021) is of course purely coincidental
Or - to be more blunt - this is a load of green-wash to make the Austrian Govt look good in public, while enforcing in law the plans that LH/OS had wanted to put in place anyway
I agree it's pointless to fly from Salzburg to Vienna. But why would OS want the government to prohibit them to fly to Salzburg? They could reduce frequency and fly with an E-Jet or simply say they drop the route.
Price conscious people who want to go to Vienna may moreover switch to buses if rail connection is bad and the distance is below 350 km. Keep in mind the thirty minutes from airport to city.
Anti-dumping regulation aside, Austria introduced a 12 EUR flight tax immediately, and a 30 EUR tax for short flights.
AUA flies around 150 weekly flights to destinations within 350 km,
Train timings to Vienna airport. Those who have Vienna as destination may be able to deduct 30min for Vienna main station to Vienna airport.
GRZ=Graz: train 2n59m to 3h01m
SZG=Salzburg: train 2h49m t0 3h15m
KLU=Klagenfurt train: 4h8min -5h20m
PRG=Prague: train more than 8h
BUD=Budapest: train 3h17m to 4h17m
KSC=Kosice (Slovakia): train more than 11h
KRK=Krakow: train more than 11h
ZAG=Zagreb: train more than 8h39m
Potentially better by bus:
Klagenfurt to Vienna city: 4h,
Prague to Vienna city: 4h15m
Kosice to Vienna city: around 8h daytime, 11h night bus. Flights can't be replaced by train or bus.
Krakow to Vienna city: 7h to 9h. Flights can't be replaced by train or bus.
Zagreb to Vienna city: from 4h50m
From eight destinations, four can be replaced by train. Prague with 4h15m can be replaced by bus. Zagreb with 4h50m can be replaced by bus for most people.
Only Kosice and Krakow can't be replaced by train or bus. I believe there is no green wash by the Austrian government.