Specifically, the Ukraine CAA granted Windrose Airlines the authority to operate twice-weekly services between Kyiv and New York JFK. Windrose now needs U.S. approval to launch the route.
I'm not entirely sure on the meaning of their flights. They state plans to wet lease aircraft from a U.S. carrier or other foreign airline, but they eventually plan to use their own aircraft to the U.S.
Upon issuance of the requested exemption, Windrose anticipates providing foreign air transportation to and from the United States pursuant to wet leasing arrangements involving flights operated by either a U.S. air carrier or a duly licensed foreign air carrier of a country ranked as Category 1 under the FAA’s IASA program. Windrose further anticipates directly operating ad hoc charters to and from the United States using its own metal, after obtaining the required FAA operations specifications and TSA security approval.
Windrose has A321s in its fleet which can't make KBP-JFK nonstop, so they'll likely need a stopover in somewhere like Reykjavik, similar to what Ukraine Airlines originally planned with 737-900ERs but scrapped.
https://www.regulations.gov/document?D= ... -0245-0001