Not sure how to post the website as a working link so you might have to cut and paste. go to 'About PJIAE'
This will answer most of your questions. Taken from the official website of SXM
. Pay particular attention to the end.
From a small military base turned civilian airport the Princess Juliana International Airport has seen St. Maarten grow from a small island with an agriculturally based economy into one of the major tourist destinations in the Caribbean.
The site where the airport is presently located was opened in 1964. Since then the airport has seen considerable growth, with 1994 being the best year with 1.8 million passengers using the airport.
Following the devastation of Hurricane Luis in 1995 there was a substantial decline in passengers. However the island has rebounded, and so has the number of passengers using the airport annually. The airport is expected to have over 1.8 million passengers in 2005, this amount of passengers severely strains the capacity of the both the terminal building and the airfield parking apron. The present airport is therefore in need of urgent development to help St. Maarten maintain its place as a premier travel destination in the region.
Therefore in order for PJIAE to become a safer, larger, more modern, and more efficient airport for the region, a master plan was commissioned to look into the possibilities for immediate and future development of the airport. The master plan covers three phases of development in accordance with forecasted passenger volumes. With both commercial financing and assistance from the financial community the airport the airport intends to meet the goals as set in the master plan.
Phase I: 1997-2001
This is a short-term program to upgrade existing facilities and improve the level of service at various points including: the terminal building, the runway, the taxiways, the aircraft parking, car parking and other improvements. The following short-term measures provide PJIA with additional capacity and quality to handle passengers for the next three years.
To comply with International Civil Aviation Organization, it was necessary to renovate the runway. The renovation, which was completed in 1997, consisted of extra strengthening. The runway was also widened to 60 meters including adding two shoulders of 7.5 meters each. All runway lights were replaced and new permanent markings were also added.
Parking Lot Rearrangement
To ensure smoother traffic flow the parking lot was rearranged in 1997. This also enabled more efficient use of the available space. To allow smoother traffic flow new entrances and exits were added. Moreover the car rental companies that were located in the parking lot were moved closer to the arrival hall of the terminal building, separating them from the commercial car parking. In addition the tour and courtesy buses were also given their own parking space. A new parking lot for employees was built in an effort to solve short- term capacity problems. This project included the automation of the parking facilities to make it more user friendly.
Upgrade of the terminal building
The upgrade of the terminal building to improve the level of customer comfort included several projects.First, the construction of a new air-conditioned arrival hall for passengers queuing to immigration in 1998. Second, the relocation of car rental booths, from the parking lot to the terminal building. And third, the extension and refurbishing of the departure lounge to include a new VIP/Business class Lounge
A key factor that inhibits the capacity of the airport has been the lack of sufficient aircraft parking space. To increase capacity of the present apron, the Flamingo Pond, located to the north of the runway was filled in 1999. This was followed by the construction of expanded apron space of some 3,000m2, which was completed in mid 2001.
By-pass Taxiway West
Considering the mix of aircraft at PJIAE it is essential
that the bearing capacity of existing taxiways are modified to carry the weight of larger types of aircraft. In 1997 the bearing capacity of this taxiway was increased making it possible for a Boeing 757 to maneuver on this taxiway. Later on it is intended that a Boeing 747 be able to taxi there as well
Relocation of Ogden Aviation
The Ogden aviation Building Including the Ground Service Equipment is located where Phase III of the master plan calls for a Western parallel taxiway. The relocation of the Ogden building, which is to be completed in 2002, anticipates the master plan developments and will upgrade the logistics and aesthetics on the airside.
Phase one of the master plan, except for the relocation of the Ogden Building was completed in 2001 and plans to commence phase two were started up.
As of 2001, extensive plans have been worked out to execute expansion measures necessary to cope with expected traffic volumes. The second phase entails the construction of a new terminal building, a new integrated air traffic control tower and a radar station, additional extension of the aircraft-parking apron and related road and landside works.
Land Reclamation Works
To facilitate the developments of phase II
land will have to be reclaimed for following:
The construction of the new terminal, approximately 54,000 m2 of terrain is required. This area will be reclaimed in the Simpson Bay Lagoon, directly northeast of the present terminal.
PJIAE MASTER PLAN: PHASE II
Apron development area
Terminal Building Non PJIAE area Car Parking
New Terminal Building
The existing terminal building with a capacity of 1.2 million passengers has already reached its saturation point and cannot accommodate any further upgrading or expansion. This poses critical challenges in terms of quality standards for services provided to customers due to its limited size. Therefore the master plan calls for a new building with a design capacity of 2.5 million to be built northwest of the existing one. Land will have to be created to realize the new terminal, its related parking facilities and the required access roads, which will continue to serve the residents of the Mullet Bay and Low Land Areas.
Included in the new terminal building will be check-in and baggage reclaim facilities on the ground floor, with the departure lounge and a main shopping area located on the first floor. Four jet bridges will offer passengers a high level of service that they have come to expect from St. Maarten.
Apron and Taxiway System
The aircraft apron will be extended to accommodate more aircraft and a planned west parallel taxiway system will be included to avoid aircraft having to taxi on the runway prior to take-off, thus allowing for smooth and more efficient flow of runway traffic.
Integrated Air Traffic Control Tower and Radar Facilities
In San Juan, Puerto Rico there is a large radar station. However the area of St. Maarten lies beyond the span of control of this radar station. Consider the fact that St. Maarten’s airspace is relatively busy with more than 90,000 aircraft movements per year radar coverage is considered critical to this area. Therefore in accordance with the regional plan of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), for the Caribbean, PJIA has developed plans to construct an integrated ATC tower and radar facility. Working on the construction of the new tower purchase and installation of a radar commenced in August 2002 and is expected to be completed in April 2004.
Phase III 2007-2012
If traffic develops as forecasted, a third phase will be executed, consisting of an extension of the terminal building and the construction of a full parallel taxiway system.
The development of the Taxiway system will be based on the increase in traffic movements. Based on forecast models it is anticipated that a full parallel taxiway is required. However, before any construction takes place, a number of airport facilities, including airport maintenance, the meteorological station and the fire and rescue station will have to be relocated. These facilities will be relocated along the new parallel taxiway on terrain that will be reclaimed as part of this development stage.
To realize these projects further land reclamation in the Simpson Bay Lagoon of approximately 227.000 m2 will be required.
With these plans Princess Juliana International Airport is well underway to meet the demands of a growing tourist economy.