It is an interesting debate. Would an Airbus plane made in America be considered an American plane? I kind of doubt that as people tend to pay attention to where a company from, rather then where the goods are built.
Most Toyota cars (I believe all but two right now) that are sold in the US are manufactured in Indiana, Alabama, Texas, West Virginia, Baja California (I know its Mexico, but still not Japan) or Kentucky. They employee Americans to build the cars, and all the manufacturing design work is done in the United States. Essentially the only things that are from Japan are the vehicle specifications, and the only thing that goes off to Japan are the profits. But then if you look at where the profits go, regular investors earn much of the money, and anyone can buy Toyota stock on the Tokyo exchange with today's technology.
However most people, in the midwest especially, would go to a GM
or Ford dealer way before going Toyota because they want to support America. I know its a great cause, but it isn't logical. But I will say that this is not true for everyone, and especially parts of the country like the west where foreign cars outsell American cars by big percentages.
Overall Toyota is not an American company, so it doesn't benefit that much from American sentiment. They build cars here for tax reasons because the import taxes on cars are so high because the US government tries to subsidize American companies. An Airbus plane manufacturing plant would be in the US for the same reason. It provides the only opportunity for Airbus products to be sold to the US government. Although the bias is still for Boeing, I think it will give Airbus a better chance, so the government can analyze which plane suits their needs best (and before you blast saying that it is the A330, you need to look at exactly the performance specifications that the government wants). I think the two situations are similar. The government will be the consumer and will have to make the same judgement that we all as consumers make-which product is better, and are there truly any differences that make me want to support a specific company?
This is a great analytical situation that I am sure I will dive into in some economics courses.