Boeing 757 -- A Tribute By Wings.
First of all I would like to thank all the members that have approached me to congratulate me on my effort with the Tribute threads. Your positive support and feedback is very much appreciated. It is also for that very same reason that it's always a rather hard task to choose my next Tribute due to the numerous requests from so many members.
My following Tribute, goes to one of the most loved airplanes among A.netters, which unfortunately saw it's last delivery in November 2005 to Shanghai Airlines.
The Boeing 757, is a twin-engine, single isle, short-to-medium-range jetliner manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes, between 1982 and 2005. A member of the popular 757/767 family of medium-sized airplanes, with 1050 frames being produced.
During the 70's Boeing initiated a research into a successor of the B727. Designated as ''7N7''
initial proposal offered to airlines was a stretched, re-engined 727-200, known as the 727-300. Due to the lack of interest from airlines this initial proposal was abandoned. Another early concept for the B757, featured a "T-tail" with under-wing engines. Finally Boeing adopted a conventional tail, and the same fuselage diameter used on previous Boeing narrow bodied airplanes such as the Boeing 707, 727 and 737. It would also feature two high-bypass turbofan engines, mounted below the wings. The B757 would also feature a nearly identical flight deck to the B767, which was also in development at the time. In doing this Boeing was able to provide pilots of the B757 and B767 a common type-rating. Pilots qualified to fly one of the aircraft also can fly the other with only minimal additional familiarization.
In early 1978, the B757 program was officially launched, and latter that year, Boeing booked it's first orders from Eastern Airlines and British Airways. On the 13th of January 1982, the first B757-200 rolled out of the Boeing Renton, Wash plant. In the following month 19th of February 1982, the first B757 equipped with Rolls Royce RB211-535C engines, made it's maiden flight. It would also mark the start of yet another successful airplane manufactured by Boeing. The B757 is among one of the seven commercial airplanes to have sold more than 1,000 frames. During the following 10 months and over 1,380 of flight testing, the B757 received FAA certification for the aircraft on the 21st of December 1982.
The B757 was the first Boeing airliner launched with engines produced outside the U.S, with the Rolls-Royce RB211-535 taking the lead.. Pratt & Whitney soon offered the PW2000, launched by Delta Airlines. General Electric offered an engine option early in the program, the CF6-32, but eventually abandoned the engine due to insufficient demand. With the -300 series, only Northwest Airlines ordered the 757-300 with the Pratt & Whitney engines, making them unique among the series.
Pratt & Whitney PW2000
914 frames built
Counting for the largest chunk of B757 sold the series -200 was designed to carry 200 passengers in a typical mixed-class configuration. It also had the ability to accommodate up to 228 passengers in charter configuration. The -200 was available in two different door configurations. One version used three standard doors per side with an additional, smaller door aft of the wing on each side for emergency evacuations, while the other option offered was equipped with three standard doors per side (two towards the front and one at the aft of the cabin) with two "plug-type" overwing exits per side replacing the smaller door aft of the wing.
80 frames built
The cargo version of the B757 (B757-200PF ) was launched in December 1985, when UPS placed an order for 20 frames.The 757F has no passenger windows or doors and no interior amenities. A large main-deck cargo door is installed in the forward area of the fuselage on the left-hand side. The flight crew boards the aircraft through a single entry door installed immediately aft of the flight deck on the left side of the aircraft. The basic maximum takeoff weight of the B757F is 250,000 pounds (113,400 kilograms), with an option for 255,000 pounds (115,600 kilograms). When carrying the maximum load, the 757F has a range of about 2,900 nautical miles (5,371 kilometers).
1 frame built
The B757-200M (combi) is a convertible version where the seats can be removed in order to place cargo on the main deck. Launched for Royal Nepal Airlines, the B757-200M failed to capture the success of previous combis produced by Boeing with only one example being produced.(9N-ACB)
Boeing 757-300 Condor
55 frames built
The series 300 was the last variant to be launched for the B757. The B757-300 is a stretched version of the 757-200, measuring 23 feet 4 inches (7.1 meters) longer. The extra length allows it to carry 243 passengers in a typical, mixed-class configuration. It also has the ability to accommodate up to 289 passengers in charter configuration. Launched on the 2nd of September 1996, with an order from Condor Flugdienst, a German charter airline. Apart from the stretched fuselage the series -300 also featured new tires, wheels and brakes; a tail skid; and strengthened wings and landing gear.
200 ( 2 class) *(243)
47.32 m *(54.47 m )
36.09 m *(43.21 m)
MAX TAKE OFF WEIGHT:
115,680 kg *(123,600 kg )
7,275 km *(6,421 km )
43,490 L *(43,400 )
The B757 has suffered a total of 8 hull loss accidents with 576 fatalities + (125 fatalities on ground due to terrorist hijacking and subsequent crash)
10.02.1990 China Southwest Airlines, 46/144 fatalities.
The aircraft was struck by a Xiamen Airlines B737 that went out of control on landing due to being hijacked.
12.20.1995 American Airlines, 160/164 fatalities
The aircraft crashed into terrain after the crew became disoriented while on approach to Cali. Contributing to the accident was the fact that after the activation of the GPWS, the crew applied full power and pitched up, but failed to retract the speed brakes.
02.06.1996 Birgenair 189/189 fatalities.
The aircraft crashed shortly after takeoff after the failure of the pitot system. The airspeed indicators indicated a higher than actual speed, which caused the pilots to reduce power and slow the airplane until it stalled and crashed. The pilots had noticed an anomaly regarding the airspeed indicators during the takeoff roll, but did not abort the takeoff.
10.02.1996 Aeroperu 70/70 fatalities.
Five minutes after takeoff the crew reported problems with their instruments and stated they wanted to return to the airport. During the initial climb, the airspeed and altitude indications were too low. While returning, the captain's airspeed and altitude indications were too high, causing an over speed warning. At the same time, the co-pilot's airspeed indications were too low, triggering the stick shaker. The aircraft kept descending and impacted the water with the left wing and no.1 engine at a 10° angle and an airspeed of 260kts. The aircraft pulled up to about 200ft and crashed inverted. The captain's airspeed indicated 450kts and the altitude 9500ft. The investigation into the accident showed that the aircraft's three static ports on the left side were obstructed by masking tape. The tape had been applied before washing and polishing of the aircraft prior to the accident flight.
12.24.1997 Transavia 0/125 fatalities.
The aircraft suffered a nose-wheel collapse on landing in high winds and departed the runway. Failure of the flight crew to align the aircraft longitudinally with the runway before touchdown. Crew error.
09.14.1999 Britannia Airways 757-204 0/245 fatalities.
On its second landing attempt at Gerona in heavy rain, the aircraft departed the runway after a nose gear failure. The aircraft slid into a muddy field, where it broke into three pieces.
09.11.2001 American Airlines 64/64 fatalities.
American Airlines Flight 77 departed Washington's Dulles International Airport at approximately 9:20am local time on a flight to Los Angeles. Shortly thereafter, Washington TRACON lost contact with the aircraft's crew, and the plane's transponder was switched off. A primary target representing the aircraft was seen proceeding directly toward the White House. The plane was seen to veer away from the White House, enter a high speed dive, and impact the side of the Pentagon building in Washington, D.C. This event was the third in a series of orchestrated terrorist acts that affected the United States on September 11.
09.11.2001 United Airlines 45/45 fatalities.
United Airlines Flight 93, on a flight from Newark, New Jersey to San Francisco, California, crashed shortly after being hijacked. It was the fourth and final aircraft to crash in a series of coordinated terrorist hijackings on September 11. The aircraft crashed in a wooded area, apparently somehow diverted from its intended impact target.
07.01.2002 DHL Aviation 2/2 fatalities.
The aircraft, on a cargo flight from Bergamo to Brussels, collided with a Bashkirian Airlines Tupolev TU
-154 near Ueberlingen on the northern shore of Lake Constance, which borders Switzerland and Austria, around 11:43pm local time. Both aircraft were level at FL360, under Swiss air traffic control (Zurich). Approximately 50 seconds before the collision, Swiss ATC instructed the Russian Tupolev to descend from FL360 to FL350 to avoid a conflict with the DHL Boeing 757. No response was registered by the Russian crew. A second descent instruction was made by Swiss controllers seconds later, and the Tupolev crew acknowledged the instruction. The TU
-154 initiated its descent about 25 seconds before the collision. At nearly the same instant, the Boeing 757's TCAS (Traffic Collision Avoidance System) issued a Resolution Advisory (RA) in response to the threat of a collision with the TU
-154, and the pilots began a descent in an attempt to avoid the Russian aircraft. The aircraft collided at FL354, broke apart and crashed, with debris scattered over an area nearly 40km wide.
-The 757 was the first Boeing airliner launched with engines produced outside the U.S, with the Rolls-Royce RB211-535, being chosen for this role.
-In 18 years of operation, the 757 fleet has flown the equivalent of nearly 25,000 roundtrips between the Earth and the Moon.
-The 757 fleet has produced over 24 million hours of service for its operators, equivalent to about 2,750 years of continuous service.
I hope that everyone has enjoyed taking a look back into the history of this magnificent airplane.
Aviation Is A Passion.