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Freedom Acts

Posted: Fri Nov 02, 2007 2:43 pm
by BMED
I'm a bit confused with some of the air freedom acts.

If an airline from country A is allowed to fly between 2 points in another country, which act is that. I know that its not 1,2 or 3 but i'm getting a bit confused which of the last 4 it is?

Any help would be great.

RE: Freedom Acts

Posted: Fri Nov 02, 2007 3:22 pm
by FlySSC
First Freedom :
The freedom to overfly a foreign country (A) from a home country en-route to another (B) without landing. Also called the transit freedom.

Second Freedom :
The freedom to stop in a foreign country fro technical/refueling purpose only. A flight from a home country can land in another country (A) for purposes other than carrying passengers, such as refueling, maintenance or emergencies. The final destination is country B.

Third Freedom :
The freedom to carry traffic from a home country to another country (A) for purpose of commercial services.

Fourth Freedom :
The freedom to pick up traffic from another country (A) to a home country for purpose of commercial services.

Third and Fourth Freedoms are the basis for direct commercial services, providing the rights to load and unload passengers, mail and freight in another country.

Fifth Freedom :
The freedom to carry traffic between two foreign countries on a flight that either originated in or is destined for the carrier’s home country. It enables airlines to carry passengers from a home country to another intermediate country (A), and then fly on to third country (B) with the right to pick passengers in the intermediate country. Also referred to as "beyond right". This freedom is divided into two categories: Intermediate Fifth Freedom Type is the right to carry from the third country to second country. Beyond Fifth Freedom Type is the right to carries from second country to the third country.

Sixth Freedom :
The "unofficial" freedom to carry traffic between two foreign countries via the carrier’s home country by combining third and fourth freedoms. Not formally part of the original 1944 convention, it refers to the right to carry passengers between two countries (A and B) through an airport in the home country. With the hubbing function of most air transport networks, this freedom has become more common, notably in Europe (London, Amsterdam).

Seventh Freedom :
The freedom to base aircraft in a foreign country for use on international services, establishing a de facto foreign hub. Covers the right to operate a passenger services between two countries (A and B) outside the home country.

Eighth Freedom :
The freedom to carry traffic between two domestic points in a foreign country on a flight that either originated in or is destined for the carrier’s home country. Also referred to as "cabotage" privileges. It involves the right to move passengers on a route from a home country to a destination country (A) that uses more than one stop along which passengers may be loaded and unloaded.

Ninth Freedom :
The freedom to carry traffic between two domestic points in a foreign country. Also referred to as "full cabotage" or "open-skies" privileges. It involves the right of a home country to move passengers within another country (A).

RE: Freedom Acts

Posted: Fri Nov 02, 2007 3:48 pm
by BMED
Cheers for that. It was part of revision but i only had the option of 4,5,6,7! Turned out it was 7 but I didn't think it was