filipinoavgeek
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Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 4:41 am

So recently I started a discussion on aircraft types that were developed specifically for one airline (regardless of whether or not other airlines later made an order). So what about airline types that were only ever operated by one airline, ever?

Perhaps one notable example is the Dassault Mercure, though to be fair it wasn't designed specifically for its lone operator (Air Inter): it had been shopped to multiple airlines (most notable Sabena, which was actually interested and even almost made an order). There's also the Tupolev 144, though I'm not sure if it's fair to include Soviet aircraft since Aeroflot was the only Soviet airline at the time.
 
BoeingGuy
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 4:59 am

Didn’t we just have a thread on this?

However, your title is better. The past thread was aircraft developed only for one airline. That isn’t quite correct. Not like the manufacturers build an airplane hoping that only one customer buys it.
Last edited by BoeingGuy on Fri Jun 14, 2019 5:00 am, edited 1 time in total.
 
UA735WL
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 5:00 am

KLM was the only airline operator of the Douglas DC-5, with four aircraft. This also makes them the only carrier ever to operate every commercial Douglas airliner DC-2 through MD-11(excluding the DC-1 as only one prototype was built).

Loftleidir of Iceland was the only operator of the pax version of the Canadair CL-44- all other variants were cargo.

TEA of Belgium was the only airline operator of the Airbus A300B1 (one of the two short-bodied prototypes; this one may or may not count as they did sublease the aircraft to Air Algerie for a very short time; as far as I am aware it remained on TEA's certificate).


-Jonas
Last edited by UA735WL on Fri Jun 14, 2019 5:10 am, edited 1 time in total.
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SCFlyer
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 5:09 am

744ER passenger was developed for Qantas although it was for sale to other airlines. QF was the only operator of the passenger 744ER.
 
nonrev
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 5:55 am

A350-900ULR at SQ
 
cschleic
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 5:56 am

BoeingGuy wrote:
Didn’t we just have a thread on this?

However, your title is better. The past thread was aircraft developed only for one airline. That isn’t quite correct. Not like the manufacturers build an airplane hoping that only one customer buys it.


Sort of, yes.

For the title, does the OP mean "Airliner" types rather than "Airline" types?
 
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XLA2008
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 6:09 am

UA735WL wrote:
KLM was the only airline operator of the Douglas DC-5, with four aircraft. This also makes them the only carrier ever to operate every commercial Douglas airliner DC-2 through MD-11(excluding the DC-1 as only one prototype was built).

Loftleidir of Iceland was the only operator of the pax version of the Canadair CL-44- all other variants were cargo.

TEA of Belgium was the only airline operator of the Airbus A300B1 (one of the two short-bodied prototypes; this one may or may not count as they did sublease the aircraft to Air Algerie for a very short time; as far as I am aware it remained on TEA's certificate).


-Jonas


Didn’t Australian National Airlines operate the DC-5? I believe they got them after KLM however they did also operate them so technically KLM wasn’t the only operator. However you are right in that KLM did favor Douglas aircraft.
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BoeingGuy
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 6:15 am

I believe Indian Airlines had a modified A320 model that had four wheel main landing gear.

Qantas had the 707-138
Braniff had the 707-220
Last edited by BoeingGuy on Fri Jun 14, 2019 6:31 am, edited 1 time in total.
 
carlokiii
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 6:23 am

While other A350s already and will incorporate their specifications in their 'regular' variants, SQ has the A350-900ULR and PR has the A350-900HGW exclusivities... at least in those naming conventions.
 
ME720
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 6:32 am

filipinoavgeek wrote:
So recently I started a discussion on aircraft types that were developed specifically for one airline (regardless of whether or not other airlines later made an order). So what about airline types that were only ever operated by one airline, ever?

Perhaps one notable example is the Dassault Mercure, though to be fair it wasn't designed specifically for its lone operator (Air Inter): it had been shopped to multiple airlines (most notable Sabena, which was actually interested and even almost made an order). There's also the Tupolev 144, though I'm not sure if it's fair to include Soviet aircraft since Aeroflot was the only Soviet airline at the time.



Dassault mercure operated by air Inter of France.
 
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hongkongflyer
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:08 am

767-400 tailor made for DL and CO; 747-400D for NH and JL.
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:15 am

nonrev wrote:
A350-900ULR at SQ

Yes and no.

Even if another airline never orders the A359ULR, which wouldn't be surprising considering the capabilities of the baseline A359.... all of the ACJ350s will come standard with the -ULR modifications, so SQ technically wouldn't be the only operator of that type.
I myself, suspect a more prosaic motive... ~Thranduil
 
axelesgg
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:20 am

Maybe some Soviet aircraft when Aeroflot was the only airline there.
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Phosphorus
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:25 am

Pan Am Clippers of 1930's come to mind.
All were ordered by Pan Am alone, but there were variations in the operational destinies of these flying boats.
Martin M-130 -- these were bought by Pan Am, and ever flown only by Pan Am
Sikorsky S-40 -- these were bought by Pan Am, and all of them were pressed into US Navy service during WWII
Sikorsky S-42 -- these were bought by Pan Am, and one of them was pressed into US Navy service during WWII

So, depending if you judge the war-time operation by US Navy an "airline service", either these three types match these requirements, or Martin M-130 alone
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:33 am

Could you go as far as saying the BA A318s are a one off, or do they count as an ACJ?
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:34 am

Sabena the only operator of a DC-10 in combi configuration? Alitalia as an MD-11 combi operator? Uganda Airlines 707 combi?
Honourable mention to Merpati for operating a Hercules in pax configuration.
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:36 am

axelesgg wrote:
Maybe some Soviet aircraft when Aeroflot was the only airline there.


Tu144
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:43 am

hongkongflyer wrote:
767-400 tailor made for DL and CO; 747-400D for NH and JL.


The 767-400 wasn’t tailor made for DL and CO. That’s a common myth. Boeing thought they would sell lots of them to many customers.

There was the stillborn sale to Kenyan. The next customer that came close to buying the 767-400 was Britannia.
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:45 am

meesh42 wrote:
Could you go as far as saying the BA A318s are a one off

Huh? Several other airlines operated that model.
I myself, suspect a more prosaic motive... ~Thranduil
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:54 am

hongkongflyer wrote:
767-400 tailor made for DL and CO; 747-400D for NH and JL.


So both types actually operated by more than one airline? Just sayin'. :wink2:

axelesgg wrote:
Maybe some Soviet aircraft when Aeroflot was the only airline there.


Besides the already mentioned Tu-144, most (if not all) 'Soviet' types were also operated by the other Soviet bloc countries, central Asian, African and other alligned countries (like Cuba).
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Phosphorus
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 8:07 am

scbriml wrote:
.....

axelesgg wrote:
Maybe some Soviet aircraft when Aeroflot was the only airline there.


Besides the already mentioned Tu-144, most (if not all) 'Soviet' types were also operated by the other Soviet bloc countries, central Asian, African and other alligned countries (like Cuba).


An-10 is another Soviet type that has a distinction of being flown only by one airline -- Aeroflot.

An-28 is another interesting case -- it was operated by multiple militaries (USSR, GDR, Bulgaria, etc.), but also by only one airline -- Aeroflot.
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 8:18 am

UA735WL wrote:
KLM was the only airline operator of the Douglas DC-5, with four aircraft. This also makes them the only carrier ever to operate every commercial Douglas airliner DC-2 through MD-11(excluding the DC-1 as only one prototype was built).


-Jonas


KLM never operated the MD80.
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 8:26 am

Air France C160 Transall
It will forever be a McDonnell Douglas MD 80 , Boeing MD 80 sounds so wrong
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 8:32 am

Weren't all the A320-100s only operated by Air Inter - later absorbed by Air France?

edit no, also British Airways operated the A320-100.

KLM never operated the MD80.


They operate the DC-9, but not the DC-9 Super 80, you're right.
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 8:35 am

Bavd wrote:
UA735WL wrote:
KLM was the only airline operator of the Douglas DC-5, with four aircraft. This also makes them the only carrier ever to operate every commercial Douglas airliner DC-2 through MD-11(excluding the DC-1 as only one prototype was built).


-Jonas


KLM never operated the MD80.


I think he’s considering the MD-80 to be part of the DC-9 family, which KLM did operate.
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 8:36 am

LAX772LR wrote:
meesh42 wrote:
Could you go as far as saying the BA A318s are a one off

Huh? Several other airlines operated that model.


As in its current layout of all business
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 8:53 am

The original [sub-type] DC/9-21 was specifically developed for (and only operated by) SAS.

[I know some later were briefly operated by second-tier carriers prior to ending their lives, but still a very unique type specifically created for one airline, to take care of a niche market].
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 9:24 am

UA735WL wrote:
KLM was the only airline operator of the Douglas DC-5, with four aircraft. This also makes them the only carrier ever to operate every commercial Douglas airliner DC-2 through MD-11(excluding the DC-1 as only one prototype was built).

Loftleidir of Iceland was the only operator of the pax version of the Canadair CL-44- all other variants were cargo.

TEA of Belgium was the only airline operator of the Airbus A300B1 (one of the two short-bodied prototypes; this one may or may not count as they did sublease the aircraft to Air Algerie for a very short time; as far as I am aware it remained on TEA's certificate).


-Jonas


I think ANA (the defunct Australian National Airways, not the Japanese carrier) also operated the DC-5 during the war.
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 9:33 am

I think that the best example is Air Inter with the Dassault Mirage.
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 9:42 am

The A330-341(Trent 768 powered variants) are only operated by GA, and they have relatively low MTOW compared to other A330 variants.
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 10:00 am

IWMBH wrote:
I think that the best example is Air Inter with the Dassault Mirage.


Mercure not Mirage...
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 10:01 am

hongkongflyer wrote:
767-400 tailor made for DL and CO.


Wrong.
767-400 was designed as a competitor to A330-200 and failed. Only DL and CO ended up buying it due to 20-year supplier exclusivity contract clause that was since removed.
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 10:01 am

IWMBH wrote:
I think that the best example is Air Inter with the Dassault Mirage.


That must have been a hell of a flight. Not much room for a drinks trolley though. :mrgreen:
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 10:48 am

vhtje wrote:
UA735WL wrote:
KLM was the only airline operator of the Douglas DC-5, with four aircraft. This also makes them the only carrier ever to operate every commercial Douglas airliner DC-2 through MD-11(excluding the DC-1 as only one prototype was built).

Loftleidir of Iceland was the only operator of the pax version of the Canadair CL-44- all other variants were cargo.

TEA of Belgium was the only airline operator of the Airbus A300B1 (one of the two short-bodied prototypes; this one may or may not count as they did sublease the aircraft to Air Algerie for a very short time; as far as I am aware it remained on TEA's certificate).


-Jonas


I think ANA (the defunct Australian National Airways, not the Japanese carrier) also operated the DC-5 during the war.


Here you go:

http://www.goodall.com.au/australian-av ... s-dc-5.htm
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axelesgg
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 12:40 pm

I wanted to say Saab 90 Scandia, but apparently it had two airlines operating them: SAS and VASP.
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 12:52 pm

Bavd wrote:
UA735WL wrote:
KLM was the only airline operator of the Douglas DC-5, with four aircraft. This also makes them the only carrier ever to operate every commercial Douglas airliner DC-2 through MD-11(excluding the DC-1 as only one prototype was built).


-Jonas


KLM never operated the MD80.

Thats what I thought, however the type is based on the DC9 so in theory they did fly that too.
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 1:23 pm

If we're including sub-types, the B747-100SR was developed specifically for JAL for domestic use
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 2:42 pm

RalXWB wrote:
IWMBH wrote:
I think that the best example is Air Inter with the Dassault Mirage.


Mercure not Mirage...


Hahah that’s what I meant
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 2:50 pm

QF is the only operator of the 747-400ER. But maybe LH or BA will order a few. :stirthepot: :duck:
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longhauler
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 3:54 pm

Did anyone other than Aeroflot operate the TU-114?
(It remains one of the oddest in my safety card collection).
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SheikhDjibouti
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 4:28 pm

I was going to suggest the Avro Vickers Vulcan, but it turns out three airlines signed up for this incredibly ugly beast, including QANTAS.
Image
Anyways, apart from that, pretty much every type operated by European pre-war airlines such as Imperial Airways, were unique to one airline, although many also also saw service with various air forces particularly during WWII.
Imperial Airways
Armstrong Whitworth Argosy, Atalanta and Ensign
de Havilland DH.91 Albatross
Handley Page HP.42
Various Short Bros flying boats (Calcutta, Kent, S.26)

Air France
Latécoère 631
SE.161 Languedoc
Sud-Ouest S.O.30 Bretagne
Breguet Deux-Ponts

Deutsche Luft Hansa
BFW (Messerschmitt) M.20
Blohm & Voss Ha139
Assorted Focke -Wulf designs, but excluding the iconic FW.200 because it had multiple operators including Cruzeiro(Brazil) and BOAC (LOL)
Assorted Junkers designs, excluding the obvious Ju.52 (multiple operators), and the less obvious Ju.86 (precursor to the Ju.88 bomber) operated by Bolivia, LAN Chile, South African Airways, Swissair, and AB Aerotransport (Sweden)

Unlike the "pig" shown at the top, many of these designs were quite elegant, with the notable exception of the one that almost qualifies as a modern era aircraft - the Deux-Ponts.



And then of course, there is Aeroflot...…
Longhauler's Tu-114 is just the tip of a large айсберг (iceberg), although just for the record...
For the Moscow–Tokyo route, Japan Air Lines made an agreement with Aeroflot to use the Tu-114. The flight crew included one JAL member, and the cabin crew consisted of five each from Aeroflot and JAL.
As far as I am concerned, that's still Aeroflot. :bigthumbsup:
Nothing to see here; move along please.
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 6:19 pm

longhauler wrote:
Did anyone other than Aeroflot operate the TU-114?
(It remains one of the oddest in my safety card collection).


JAL also did, although it was operated in collaboration with Aeroflot.

https://www.airliners.net/photo/Aeroflo ... 114/103956
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 7:26 pm

Dupe
AA AC AS BA BD BF BN BR BY B6 CO CP(2) DG DL EA EI EN FL FT F9 HA HP ICX JI JQ J7 KE KS LH MC NW OC OO OZ(1) OZ(2) PA PI PT QF QQ RM RO RV(1) RV(2) RW SK SM SQ S4 TI TS TW UA UK US UZ VS VX WA WN WS W7 XV YV YX(2) ZZ 9K
 
UA735WL
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 8:01 pm

Bavd wrote:
UA735WL wrote:
KLM was the only airline operator of the Douglas DC-5, with four aircraft. This also makes them the only carrier ever to operate every commercial Douglas airliner DC-2 through MD-11(excluding the DC-1 as only one prototype was built).


-Jonas


KLM never operated the MD80.



When you consider that all MD-80 variants except the MD-88 are certified as the "DC-9-8XX" I think that it can be said that KLM did in fact operate all the Douglas commercial types.
vhtje wrote:
UA735WL wrote:
KLM was the only airline operator of the Douglas DC-5, with four aircraft. This also makes them the only carrier ever to operate every commercial Douglas airliner DC-2 through MD-11(excluding the DC-1 as only one prototype was built).

Loftleidir of Iceland was the only operator of the pax version of the Canadair CL-44- all other variants were cargo.

TEA of Belgium was the only airline operator of the Airbus A300B1 (one of the two short-bodied prototypes; this one may or may not count as they did sublease the aircraft to Air Algerie for a very short time; as far as I am aware it remained on TEA's certificate).


-Jonas


I think ANA (the defunct Australian National Airways, not the Japanese carrier) also operated the DC-5 during the war.



Now that's a cool bit of trivia! Would never have guessed.
(Just for fun, I looked for the DC-5 on aussieairliners-they don't have it! Someone should notify them :) )
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UA735WL
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 8:05 pm

BoeingGuy wrote:
I believe Indian Airlines had a modified A320 model that had four wheel main landing gear.

Qantas had the 707-138
Braniff had the 707-220



Amusingly enough, BN actually operated the 707-138 AND the 707-220. I believe BN used the -138s on the DAL-HNL route. They eventually sold the small -220 fleet to BWIA- there are pics in the database of them at JFK wearing the BW scheme. Cool stuff!

-Jonas
"One test is worth a thousand expert opinions" -Tex Johnston
 
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longhauler
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Fri Jun 14, 2019 9:54 pm

UA735WL wrote:
Loftleidir of Iceland was the only operator of the pax version of the Canadair CL-44- all other variants were cargo.

Flying Tiger flew passengers in their CL-44D4-2s. Usually charters, but also equipment subs for other airlines.

The Royal Canadian Air Force also operated the CL-44-6 in a 134 passenger configuration for their "scheduled" cross Canada run that often continued to Germany.

Transglobe flew the 165 seat CL-44D4-1 on charters out of the UK.

Slick Airways also operated a 165 seat version of the CL-44D4-6.

Did I miss any?
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Sat Jun 15, 2019 2:02 am

meesh42 wrote:
LAX772LR wrote:
meesh42 wrote:
Could you go as far as saying the BA A318s are a one off

Huh? Several other airlines operated that model.

As in its current layout of all business

That's a chosen configuration... it has nothing to do with the aircraft itself, and the fact that others operate it, which is the topic of the thread.
I myself, suspect a more prosaic motive... ~Thranduil
 
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Sat Jun 15, 2019 3:44 am

Phosphorus wrote:
An-28 is another interesting case -- it was operated by multiple militaries (USSR, GDR, Bulgaria, etc.), but also by only one airline -- Aeroflot.


Nope, it's also operated by SILA (Siberian Light Aviation) out of Irkutsk. I flew on one about 6 months ago.


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Phosphorus
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Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Sat Jun 15, 2019 5:41 am

dennypayne wrote:
Phosphorus wrote:
An-28 is another interesting case -- it was operated by multiple militaries (USSR, GDR, Bulgaria, etc.), but also by only one airline -- Aeroflot.


Nope, it's also operated by SILA (Siberian Light Aviation) out of Irkutsk. I flew on one about 6 months ago.


Sent from my SM-G950U using Tapatalk


Thank you for reminder -- yes, I did mean An-14 !!
Classical "brain misfire" on my part. Of course, An-28 is way more prevalent in civilian world, than 1 airline...
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petertenthije
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Joined: Tue Jul 10, 2001 10:00 pm

Re: Airline types that are/were only ever operated by a single airline

Sat Jun 15, 2019 12:46 pm

Between the world wars there were plenty of types that where made specifically for airlines. Usually build in very small quantities. KLM alone must have a dozen or so types from Fokker, Koolhoven, Pander. I am sure the same will apply to the other main airlines from around that time.

For the modern age, there are just a few examples.
  • The Dassault Mercure at Air Inter mentioned earlier.
  • The Antonov An-158 with Cubana. Not sure if this counts though, as its smaller sibling An-148 is operated by several airlines.
  • There where three Tu-214 with Rossiya that where used for their airline services. There are several more Tu-214s but they are in military/government operations. Again, not sure if this counts because the Tu-204 is/was used with several airlines.
  • Shanghai Y-10, not sure if this one actually saw commercial service. Of course, in those days it is debatable if the "commercial service" in 1980s China could ever apply. :)
  • Xian Ma-600

Honorable mentions for planes that had test flights, but never where delivered to airlines:
  • Baade 152, ordered by Iterflug before politics killed it
  • Avro C-102
  • Not flown, but boy where they close: Dornier 728.
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