I'm interested in fuel policies used by different European airlines, and I've found answers to most of my questions online except for this:
EASA regulations* state that Alternate fuel should include (among other things):
"fuel for a missed approach from the applicable DA/H or MDA/H at the destination aerodrome to missed approach altitude, taking into account the complete missed approach procedure;"
I've seen a lot of real Operational Flight Plans and the alternate route seems to most often include either:
- a SID from the expected arrival runway connecting with a route to the alternate, or;
- a Direct from the expected runway to a waypoint connecting with a route to the alternate
Since the total track miles to the alternate airport also is listed on the OFP I've tried comparing the distances and found that most routes do not include track miles for the actual missed approach for the chosen runway, but rather extra miles added to the first leg (from runway to first waypoint), if a direct is used. I'm guessing it is to cover for vectoring. Including the complete missed approach seems like a good idea for some airports where they might be unavoidable, but for others where they would take you many miles in the "wrong" direction and radar vectors are expected anyways, they might just add unnecessary fuel. I believe I have read somewhere (unfortunately I no longer remember where), that the airlines could expect the pilots to ask for a vectored missed approach, or a direct towards the alternate if a diversion is expected in case of go around. Could this reasoning maybe be something the airlines can use instead of including the complete missed approach procedure in their routes?
Is the practice of not using the complete missed approach procedure perhaps something that the airlines competent authority can approve?
PS: I'm a hobbyist and not associated with real flight planning. It is just one of my interest
*Reference: Easy Access Rules for Air Operations (Regulation (EU) No 965/2012) — Revision 16, December 2021, AMC1 CAT.OP.MPA.150(b) Fuel policy, (a)(4)(A), (page 827)