Moderators: jsumali2, richierich, ua900, PanAm_DC10, hOMSaR

 
BMED
Topic Author
Posts: 722
Joined: Thu Dec 30, 2004 11:01 pm

Freedom Acts

Fri Nov 02, 2007 2:43 pm

I'm a bit confused with some of the air freedom acts.

If an airline from country A is allowed to fly between 2 points in another country, which act is that. I know that its not 1,2 or 3 but i'm getting a bit confused which of the last 4 it is?

Any help would be great.
Living the jetset life! No better way to be
 
FlySSC
Posts: 5334
Joined: Tue Aug 12, 2003 1:38 am

RE: Freedom Acts

Fri Nov 02, 2007 3:22 pm

First Freedom :
The freedom to overfly a foreign country (A) from a home country en-route to another (B) without landing. Also called the transit freedom.

Second Freedom :
The freedom to stop in a foreign country fro technical/refueling purpose only. A flight from a home country can land in another country (A) for purposes other than carrying passengers, such as refueling, maintenance or emergencies. The final destination is country B.

Third Freedom :
The freedom to carry traffic from a home country to another country (A) for purpose of commercial services.

Fourth Freedom :
The freedom to pick up traffic from another country (A) to a home country for purpose of commercial services.

Third and Fourth Freedoms are the basis for direct commercial services, providing the rights to load and unload passengers, mail and freight in another country.

Fifth Freedom :
The freedom to carry traffic between two foreign countries on a flight that either originated in or is destined for the carrier’s home country. It enables airlines to carry passengers from a home country to another intermediate country (A), and then fly on to third country (B) with the right to pick passengers in the intermediate country. Also referred to as "beyond right". This freedom is divided into two categories: Intermediate Fifth Freedom Type is the right to carry from the third country to second country. Beyond Fifth Freedom Type is the right to carries from second country to the third country.

Sixth Freedom :
The "unofficial" freedom to carry traffic between two foreign countries via the carrier’s home country by combining third and fourth freedoms. Not formally part of the original 1944 convention, it refers to the right to carry passengers between two countries (A and B) through an airport in the home country. With the hubbing function of most air transport networks, this freedom has become more common, notably in Europe (London, Amsterdam).

Seventh Freedom :
The freedom to base aircraft in a foreign country for use on international services, establishing a de facto foreign hub. Covers the right to operate a passenger services between two countries (A and B) outside the home country.

Eighth Freedom :
The freedom to carry traffic between two domestic points in a foreign country on a flight that either originated in or is destined for the carrier’s home country. Also referred to as "cabotage" privileges. It involves the right to move passengers on a route from a home country to a destination country (A) that uses more than one stop along which passengers may be loaded and unloaded.

Ninth Freedom :
The freedom to carry traffic between two domestic points in a foreign country. Also referred to as "full cabotage" or "open-skies" privileges. It involves the right of a home country to move passengers within another country (A).
 
BMED
Topic Author
Posts: 722
Joined: Thu Dec 30, 2004 11:01 pm

RE: Freedom Acts

Fri Nov 02, 2007 3:48 pm

Cheers for that. It was part of revision but i only had the option of 4,5,6,7! Turned out it was 7 but I didn't think it was
Living the jetset life! No better way to be

Popular Searches On Airliners.net

Top Photos of Last:   24 Hours  •  48 Hours  •  7 Days  •  30 Days  •  180 Days  •  365 Days  •  All Time

Military Aircraft Every type from fighters to helicopters from air forces around the globe

Classic Airliners Props and jets from the good old days

Flight Decks Views from inside the cockpit

Aircraft Cabins Passenger cabin shots showing seat arrangements as well as cargo aircraft interior

Cargo Aircraft Pictures of great freighter aircraft

Government Aircraft Aircraft flying government officials

Helicopters Our large helicopter section. Both military and civil versions

Blimps / Airships Everything from the Goodyear blimp to the Zeppelin

Night Photos Beautiful shots taken while the sun is below the horizon

Accidents Accident, incident and crash related photos

Air to Air Photos taken by airborne photographers of airborne aircraft

Special Paint Schemes Aircraft painted in beautiful and original liveries

Airport Overviews Airport overviews from the air or ground

Tails and Winglets Tail and Winglet closeups with beautiful airline logos